Investigating the Big Five Personality Factors and Smoking: Implications for Assessment

  • William G. Shadel
  • Daniel Cervone
  • Raymond Niaura
  • David B. Abrams
Article

Abstract

Global personality dispositions may be important for understanding population-based individual differences in smoking outcomes, yet few studies have been executed using measures of these global dispositional constructs from the contemporary field of personality. This study explored whether the Big Five personality factors (Extraversion, Neuroticism, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, and Intellect) were concurrently associated with key smoking (e.g., nicotine dependence, smoking rate, age at first cigarette) and cessation (e.g., self-efficacy to quit, motivation to quit, number of prior quit attempts, length of most recent quit) variables in a sample of regular smokers (n = 130). Of the 35 correlations computed, only 2 were significant: Intellect was positively correlated with motivation to quit and number of 24-hr quit attempts in the last year. These results have implications for using trait variables to study individual differences in smokers.

personality smoking traits five factor models nicotine dependence 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • William G. Shadel
    • 1
  • Daniel Cervone
    • 2
  • Raymond Niaura
    • 3
  • David B. Abrams
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of PittsburghPittsburgh
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Illinois at ChicagoChicago
  3. 3.Centers for Behavioral and Preventive MedicineBrown Medical School and the Miriam HospitalProvidence

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