Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 39, Issue 20, pp 6183–6190

‘Smart’ Raman/Rayleigh imaging of nanosized SiC materials using the spatial correlation model

  • M. Havel
  • D. Baron
  • Ph. Colomban
Article
  • 194 Downloads

Abstract

Non-destructive Raman and Rayleigh microspectrometries were used to map nanostructural and topological variations across the diameter of the SCS-6™ Textron SiC fibre. It is shown for the first time that Rayleigh imaging offers a competitive alternative to AFM measurements for materials containing carbon as a second phase. The Spatial Correlation Model has been used to decompose the SiC Raman spectra into amorphous and crystalline components. ‘Smart’ Raman images, which contain the calculated structural parameters revealed the nanostructure distribution. A good agreement has been obtained at the nanoscale between these smart images and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) data. A major asset of Raman ‘smart’ images is to give a non destructive and global view on the crystal quality, grain size and residual stress. The potential and the limitations of the procedure are discussed.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    F. Bechstedt, P. KÄckell, A. Zywietz, K. Karch, B. Adolph, K. Tenelsen and J. FurthmÜller, Phys. Stat. Sol. (b) 202(1997) 35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    H. Hobert, H. H. Dunken, S. Urban, F. Falk and H. Stafast, Vibrational Spectrosc. 29(2002) 177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    S. Nakashima and H. Harima, Phys. Stat. Sol. 162(1997) 39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    R. J. Young, J. Microscopy 185(1996) 199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. Windeln, C. Bram, H. L. Eckes, D. Hammel, J. Huth, J. Marien, H. RÖohl, C. Schug, M. Wahl and A. Wienss, Appl. Surf. Sci. 179(2001) 167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ph. Colomban and M. Havel, J. Raman Spectrosc. 33(2002) 789.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ph. Colomban, G. Gouadec and L. Mazerolles, Mater. Corrosion 53(2002) 306.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    B. Guichet, J. C. Sangleboeuf, A. Vassel and T. Bretheau, Comp. Sci. Tech. 58(1998) 665.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    S. R. Nutt and F. E. Wawner, J. Mater. Sci. 20(1985) 1953.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. Lancin, J. Thibault-Desseaux and J. S. Bour, J. Microsc. Spectrosc. Electron. 13(1988) 503.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    X. J. Ning and P. Pirouz, J. Mater. Sci. 6(1991) 2234.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    G. Gouadec and Ph. Colomban, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 21(2001) 1249.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. Havel and Ph. Colomban, in Proceedings of the 105th Annual American Ceramic Society Conference and Exposition, edited by N. Bansal (Ceramics Transaction, Nashville, 2003).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    K. Levenberg, Qu. Appl. Math. 2(1944) 164.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    W. J. Choyke and G. Pensl, MRS Bull. 22(1997) 25.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    H. Okumura, E. Sakuma, J. H. Lee, H. Mulkaida, S. Misawa, K. Endo and S. Yoshida, J. Appl. Phys. 61(1987) 1134.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    R. J. Nemanich, S. A. Solin and R. M. Martin, Phys. Rev. B 23(1981) 6348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    H. Richter, Z. P. Wang and L. Ley, Solid State Commun. 39(1981) 625.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    I. Kosacki, T. Suzuki, V. Petrovsky, H. U. Anderson and Ph. Colomban, Solid State Ionics 149(2002) 99.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    W. H. Weber, K. C. Hass and J. R. Mcbride, Phys. Rev. B 48(1993) 178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    M. Fujii, S. Hayashi and K. Yamamoto, J. Appl. Phys. 30(1991) 687.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    I. Kosacki, V. Petrovsky, H. U. Anderson and Ph. Colomban, J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 85(2002) 2646.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    P. Parayanthal and F. H. Pollak, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52(1984) 1822.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    D. W. Feldman, J. H. Parker, W. J. Choyke and L. Patrick, Phys. Rev. 170(1967) 698.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    M. Hofmann, A. Zywietz, K. Karch and F. Bechstedt, ibid B 50(1994) 13401.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    G. Gouadec, "Analyse (micro)-mécanique et (nano)-structurale des solides hétérog`enes par spectroscopie Raman," thesis, University of Rennes 2001, Vol 1.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    J. W. Strutt (later Lord RAYLEIGH), Phil. Mag. 41(1871) 107.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    C. Cohen, P. D. Fleming and J. H. Gibbs, Phys. Rev. B 13(1976) 866.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    M. Dkaki, L. Calcagno, A. M. Makthari and V. Raineri, Mater. Sci. Semicond. Proc. 4(2001) 201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    D. Olego and M. Cardona, Phys. Rev. B 25(1982) 3878.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Havel
    • 1
    • 2
  • D. Baron
    • 1
  • Ph. Colomban
    • 1
  1. 1.Nanophases and Heterogeneous Solids GroupLADIR-UMR7075 Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique & Université Pierre et Marie Curie, 2 rue Henry DunantFrance
  2. 2.Département des Matériaux et Systémes CompositesOffice National d'Etudes et de Recherches AérospatialesFrance

Personalised recommendations