Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 39, Issue 10, pp 3269–3279 | Cite as

Review on auxetic materials

  • Wei Yang
  • Zhong-Ming Li
  • Wei Shi
  • Bang-Hu Xie
  • Ming-Bo Yang
Article

Abstract

Although a negative Poisson's ratio (that is, a lateral extension in response to stretching) is not forbidden by thermodynamics, for almost all common materials the Poisson's ratio is positive. In 1987, Lakes first discovered negative Poisson's ratio effect in polyurethane (PU) foam with re-entrant structures, which was named anti-rubber, auxetic, and dilatational by later researchers. In this paper, the term 'auxetic' will be used. Since then, investigation on the auxetic materials has held major interest, focusing on finding more materials with negative Poisson's ratio, and on examining the mechanisms, properties and applications. Therefore, more materials were found to have the counter-intuitive effect of auxeticity due to different structural or microstructrual mechanisms. The present article reviews the latest advances in auxetic materials, their structural mechanisms, performance and applications.

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wei Yang
    • 1
  • Zhong-Ming Li
    • 1
  • Wei Shi
    • 1
  • Bang-Hu Xie
    • 1
  • Ming-Bo Yang
    • 1
  1. 1.College of Polymer Science and EngineeringSichuan University, State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials EngineeringChengduSichuan, People's Republic of China

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