Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 39, Issue 5, pp 1639–1646 | Cite as

Deposition of thermal barrier coatings using the solution precursor plasma spray process

  • Liangde Xie
  • Xinqing Ma
  • Eric H. Jordan
  • Nitin P. Padture
  • Danny T. Xiao
  • Maurice Gell


The solution-precursor plasma-spray (SPPS) process is capable of producing highly durable thermal barrier coatings. In an effort to improve the understanding of the deposition mechanisms in this novel process, a series of specific experiments, where the substrate is held stationary and the plasma torch is programmed to scan a single pass across the substrate, were conducted and the resulting deposits were carefully characterized. In addition to the deposition mechanisms identified previously in the stationary torch experiments, the deposition mechanisms of two other types of deposits, thin film and fine spherical particles, were identified in this study. The melting of inflight formed 7YSZ particles and their rapid solidification to form ultra-fine splats on the substrate was found to be the dominant deposition mechanism. The characterization of actual SPPS coatings confirmed that the various coating-deposition mechanisms identified in the model experiments occur in concert during the actual coating process. Adherent deposits (ultra-fine splats, deposits from gel-like precursor and film formed via chemical vapor deposition), unmelted particles (spherical particles, deposits from non-decomposed precursor) and porosity were estimated to constitute ∼65, ∼19 and ∼16 vol%, of the coating, respectively.


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liangde Xie
    • 1
  • Xinqing Ma
    • 2
  • Eric H. Jordan
    • 3
  • Nitin P. Padture
    • 4
  • Danny T. Xiao
    • 2
  • Maurice Gell
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Institute of Materials ScienceUniversity of ConnecticutStorrsUSA
  2. 2.Inframat CorporationFarmingtonUSA
  3. 3.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Institute of Materials ScienceUniversity of ConnecticutStorrsUSA
  4. 4.Department of Metallurgy and Materials Engineering, Institute of Materials ScienceUniversity of ConnecticutStorrsUSA

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