This study investigated skill flexibility (theability to use skills according to changingneeds) among teachers in the context of schoolchange in nine countries. Data were collectedas part of a multi-country study on the effectof change on teachers' work life. Resultsshowed that teachers tended to be moreskill-flexible when they had more of a role inthe change, and less skill-flexible when schoolmanagement initiated change or when changeinvolved administrative objectives, as opposedto educational or social ones. Teachers alsotended to be more skill-flexible when theybelieved that change had a positive impact ontheir work life, professional development,student learning, and general feelings aboutchange. An individual-country analysis revealedthat countries varied in the way skillflexibility was related to change factors.These differences were interpreted in thecontext of cultural background.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Adler, C. (1989). Israeli education addressing dilemmas caused by pluralism: A sociological perspective. In E. Krausz & D. Glanz (eds), Education in a Comparative Context: Studies of Israeli Society (chapter 3). New Brunswick, U.S.A.: Transaction Publishers.
Atkinson, J. (1987). Flexibility or fragmentation? The United Kingdom labour market in the eighties. Labour and Society 12(1), 87-105.
Bacharach, S.B., Bamberger, P., Conley, S.C. & Bauer, S. (1990). The dimensionality of decision participation in educational organizations: The value of multi-domain educative approach. Educational Administration Quarterly 26, 126-167.
Bartunek, J.M., Greenberg, D.N. & Davidson, B. (1999). Consistent and inconsistent impacts of a teacher-led empowerment initiative in a federation of schools. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science 35(4), 457-478.
Booyse, J. (1999). Characteristics of the current educational and socio-political systems in South Africa that influence the development of educational policy and practice. Paper presented for the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, April.
Cherniss, C. (1980). Professional Burnout in Human Service Organizations. New York: Praeger.
Conley, S. & Levinson, R. (1993). Teacher work design and job satisfaction. Educational Administration Quarterly 29, 453-478.
Cotton, J.L. (1996). Employee involvement. In C.L. Cooper & I.T. Robertson (eds), International Review of Industrial and Organizational Psychology (vol. 11, chapter 7). New York: Wiley.
Dimmock, C. & Walker, A. (1998). Comparative educational administration: Developing a cross-cultural conceptual framework. Educational Administration Quarterly 34(4), 558-595.
Easterby-Smith, M. & Malina, D. (1999). Cross-cultural collaborative research: Toward reflexivity. Academy of Management Journal 42(1), 76-86.
Farber, B.A. (1991). Crisis in Education: Stress and Burnout in the American Teachers. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
Frase, I.E. & Heck, G. (1992). Restructuring in the Fort McMurray Catholic Schools: A research-based approach. The Canadian School Executive 11, 3-9.
Frase, I.E. & Matheson, R.R. (1992). Restructuring: Fine-tuning the system in Fort-McMurray Catholic Schools. Challenge 29, 16-22.
Freulinger, B. & Shirom, A. (1993). Work overload, job enrichment and burnout: A comparison between managers and subordinates. Man and Work 4, 8-29 (Hebrew).
Fullan, M. (1997). Change Forces. The Falmer Press.
Gattiker, U. & Cohen, A. (1997). Gender-based wage differences: The effects of occupation and job segregation in Israel. Relations Industrielle/Industrial Relations 52, 507-530.
Gaziel, H. (1993). Education policy at a crossroads between change and continuity: Education in Israel in the past decade. Institute for the Study of Educational Systems, Jerusalem.
Gaziel, H. (1998). School-based management as a factor in school Effectiveness. International Review of Education 44(4), 319-333.
Goldring, E. (1992). System-wide diversity in Israel: Principals as tranformational and environmental leaders. Journal of Educational Administration 30(3), 49-62.
Hackman, J.R. & Oldham, G.R. (1976). Motivation through the design of work: Test of a theory. Organizational Behavior and Human Performance 16, 25-279.
Hackman, J.R. & Oldham, G.R. (1980). Work Redesign. Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Hallinger, P. & Leithwood, K. (1996). Culture and educational administration: A case of finding out what you don't know you don't know. Journal of Educational Administration 34(5), 98-116.
Herzberg, F., Mausner, B. & Snyderman, B. (1959). The Motivation to Work. New York: Wiley.
Hoy, W.K. & Miskel, C.G. (1996). Educational Administration: Theory, Research and Practice. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Kremer-Hayon, L. (1998). Political and cultural influences on educational change in Israel. Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association meeting, San Diego, CA.
Levin, B. (1993). School response to a changing environment. Journal of Educational Administration 31(2), 4-20.
Long, C. & Vickers-Koch, M. (1995). Using core capabilities to create competitive advantage. Organizational Dynamics July-Aug, 7-22.
Mar'i, S.K. (1989). Arab education in Israel. In E. Krausz & D. Glanz (eds), Education in a Comparative Context: Studies of Israeli Society (chapter 7). New Brunswick, U.S.A.: Transaction Publishers.
Menlo, A. & Poppleton, P. (1990). A five-country study of the work perceptions of secondary school teachers in England, the United States, Japan, Singapore and West Germany (1986-88). Comparative Education 26, 173-182.
Menlo, A., Arato, N., Collet, L., Evers, T. & Marich, M. (1998). Symposium on the influence and non-influence of culture on the ways educational change affects teacher work-life: A study across eleven countries. The annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, California.
Poppleton, P. & Wubbels, T. (2000). Educational change and its impact in the work lives of teachers in eight countries. In R. Alexander, M. Osborn & D. Philips (eds), Learning from Comparing. Oxford Symposium Books, pp. 241-252.
Richardson, V. (1990). Significant and worthwhile change in teaching practice. Educational Researcher 19, 10-18.
Rosenbach, W.E., Gregory, R.A.& Taylor, R.L. (1983). Survey feedback as an organization development strategy in a public school district. Education Summer, 316-325.
Rosenblatt, Z. (2001). Teachers' multiple roles and skill flexibility: Effects on work attitudes. Educational Administration Quarterly 37(5), 684-708.
Rosenblatt, Z. & Inbal, B. (1999). The effect of skill flexibility on work attitudes and performance: The case of secondary school teachers. Journal of Educational Administration 37(4), 345-366.
Rosenblatt, Z. & Kremer-Hayon, L. (in press). Changes in the educational system in Israel. In P.K. Poppleton, A. Menlo & J. Williamson (eds), New Realities of Teachers' Work Lives. Oxford, UK: Symposium Books.
Rosenblatt, Z., Rogers, K.S. & Nord, W.R. (1993). Toward a political framework for flexible management of decline. Organization Science 4, 76-91.
Rosenblatt, Z. & Ruvio, A. (1996). A test of a multidimensional model of job insecurity: The case of Israeli teachers. Journal of Organizational Behavior 17, 587-605.
Rosenblatt, Z. & Somech, A. (1998). Work behavior of Israeli elementary-school principals: Expectations vs. reality. Educational Administration Quarterly 34, 505-532.
Rosenblatt, Z., Talmud, I. & Ruvio, A. (1999). A gender-based framework of the experience of job insecurity and its effects on work attitudes. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology 8(2), 197-217.
Ruvio, A. & Rosenblatt, Z. (1999). Job insecurity of Israeli secondary-schoolteachers: Sectoral effects. Journal of Educational Administration 37, 139-158.
Shi, K.Y., Huandong, W. & Pend, Y.H. (1999). Cultural and social factors of educational change affect Chinese teachers worklife. Paper presented for the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, April.
Sparks, G.M. (1988). Teachers' attitudes toward change and subsequent improvements in classroom teaching. Journal of Educational Psychology 80, 111-117.
Staw, B.M., Sandelands, L.E. & Dutton, J. (1981). Threat-rigidity effects in organizational behavior: A multilevel analysis. Administrative Science Quarterly 26, 501-524.
Stewart, T.A. (1994). Intellectual capital. Fortune Oct. 3.
Vaughan, D.G., Fottler, M.D., Bamber, R. and Blayney, K.D. (1991). Utilization and management os multiskilled health practitioners in U.S. hospitals. Hospital and Health Services Administration 36(3), 397-419.
Vonk, J.H.C. (1999). Educational background and major changes in teacher work life in Holland. Paper presented for the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association, San Diego, April.
Wagner, J.A. III (1994). Participation's effects on performance and satisfaction: A reconsideration of research evidence. Academy of Management Review 19(2), 312-330.
Waugh, R. & Godfrey, J. (1995). Understanding teachers' receptivity to system-wide educational change. Journal of Educational Administration 33(3), 28-54.
About this article
Cite this article
Rosenblatt, Z. Skill Flexibility and School Change: A Multi-national Study. Journal of Educational Change 5, 1–30 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1023/B:JEDU.0000022841.54071.36
- cross-culture research
- school change
- skill flexibility
- teachers' attitudes toward change
- teachers' work life