International Journal of Thermophysics

, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp 1235–1252 | Cite as

Bidirectional Reflection Measurements of Periodically Microstructured Silicon Surfaces

  • Y. B. Chen
  • Q. Z. Zhu
  • T. L. Wright
  • W. P. King
  • Z. M. Zhang


Surface modifications have a great potential for selective emission and absorption for applications in photonics, energy conversion, and biosensing. Pattern-induced radiative property changes can be an important issue in the manufacturing and diagnostics of microelectronic devices. This work investigates the polarized diffraction of micromachined silicon wafers. Both one-dimensional (1-D) and two-dimensional (2-D) periodic microstructures are manufactured by plasma-assisted anisotropic etching. The rotating mask method is used to produce 2.25 × 106 2-D structures in a single sample (7.5 × 7.5 mm2). Surface topography is characterized by using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). A bidirectional scatterometer with high accuracy and angular resolution measures the diffraction patterns from the microstructured silicon surfaces at a wavelength of 635 nm. The diffraction patterns follow the grating equation, which are caused by microstructures and their orientations. Predicted diffraction angles are in excellent agreement with the experimental results.

bidirectional reflection diffraction grating scattering silicon microstructures 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. B. Chen
    • 1
  • Q. Z. Zhu
    • 1
  • T. L. Wright
    • 1
  • W. P. King
    • 1
  • Z. M. Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.The George W. Woodruff School of Mechanical EngineeringGeorgia Institute of TechnologyAtlantaU.S.A

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