, Volume 521, Issue 1–3, pp 141–147 | Cite as

The phytoplankton of Lake Atnsjøen, Norway – a long-term investigation

  • Pål Brettum
  • Gunnar Halvorsen


Quantitative samples were collected from Lake Atnsjøen five times per year in the growth seasons 1990–2000. The samples were analysed for variation in the phytoplankton composition, and the total volume and volume of the main groups of algae were calculated. Lake Atnsjøen is a large, deep and unregulated lake with a surface area of 4.8 km2 and a maximum depth of 80.2 m. It is a nutrient-poor, oligotrophic lake with a maximum phytoplankton volume varying between 125–393 mm3/m3 in the years 1990–2000. The phytoplankton community is dominated by species of the groups Chrysophyceae and Cryptophyceae. The chrysophytes dominate the phytoplankton in the early part of the growth season (May–June) while the cryptophytes increase throughout the season and dominate in the autumn. Among the chrysophytes different species of chrysomonads were most frequent together with common species of the genus Dinobryon like D. borgei, D. cylindricum var. alpinum and D. crenulatum. A total of 22 species or taxa of chrysophytes were recorded in the samples. Common among the cryptomonads were several species of the genus Cryptomonas. Most important quantitatively, however, were Rhodomonas lacustris and Katablepharis ovalis. The succesion of the phytoplankton throughout the growth season was similar from year to year in quantitative as well as qualitative terms, but some changes were recorded after the great flood in 1995. Canonical Correspondence Analysis (CCA) shows a slight, but significant, phytoplankton community change over the succeeding years.

phytoplankton oligotrophy long-term species composition biovolume seasonal variations 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Pål Brettum
    • 1
  • Gunnar Halvorsen
    • 2
  1. 1.Norwegian Institute for Water ResearchOsloNorway
  2. 2.Norwegian Institute for Nature ResearchOsloNorway

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