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Hydrobiologia

, Volume 505, Issue 1–3, pp 49–72 | Cite as

Epsilonematidae (Nematoda) from a cold-water coral environment in the Porcupine Seabight, with a discussion on the status of the genus Metaglochinema Gourbault & Decraemer, 1986

  • Maarten Raes
  • Ann Vanreusel
  • Wilfrida Decraemer
Article

Abstract

Thirteen species of nematodes from the family Epsilonematidae Steiner, 1927 were found to be associated with a cold-water coral reef in the Porcupine Seabight. Among them, four species were already known from various locations such as Chile and Papua New Guinea. Three new species are described here: Glochinema trispinatumsp. n. is recognized by three dorsal thorns in the pharyngeal region. This species was also recovered from the Antarctic shelf. Epsilonema multispiralumsp. n. is characterised by a multispiral amphid consisting of 3.25 coils. Bathyepsilonema lopheliaesp. n. is characterised by its body length, the position and relative width of the amphids and the nature of the cuticular ornamentation. Within the subfamily Glochinematinae Lorenzen, 1974, the number and arrangement of ambulatory setae is considered not to be of diagnostic importance. The former species Metaglochinema strigosumGourbault & Decraemer, 1993 is therefore classified under the genus GlochinemaLorenzen, 1974. The original genus diagnosis of Metaglochinema, now a monotypic genus, is adjusted. The geographic distribution of epsilonematid nematodes is briefly discussed.

Epsilonematidae Glochinematinae cold-water corals 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maarten Raes
    • 1
  • Ann Vanreusel
    • 1
  • Wilfrida Decraemer
    • 2
  1. 1.Marine Biology SectionGhent University, Sterre complex – Building S8GentBelgium
  2. 2.oninklijk Belgisch Instituut voor Natuurwetenschappen, Section of Recent InvertebratesBrusselBelgium

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