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Human Physiology

, Volume 30, Issue 4, pp 476–484 | Cite as

The Roles of Monoarticular and Biarticular Muscles of the Lower Limbs in Terrestrial Locomotion

  • A. V. Voronov
Article

Abstract

Specific features of the functioning of mono- and biarticular muscles were studied using a multijoint movement (a high jump) as an example. The powers of the knee and ankle joint extensors are insufficient for a strong and quick movement such as a high jump. Biarticular muscles (m. rectus femoris) transfer forces/powers from one joint to another, thereby compensating for the physiological shortcoming of monoarticular muscles, that is, a decrease in the tractive force with increasing contraction rate. In a high jump, a power of 300 W may be transferred from the hip to the knee joint via the m. rectus femoris; 230 W, from the knee to the hip joint via the hamstring muscle; 210 W, from the knee joint to the ankle via the m. gastrocnemius; and 15 W, from the metatarsophalangeal joint to the ankle via the mm. flexors.

Keywords

Knee Joint Tractive Force Hamstring Muscle Contraction Rate Metatarsophalangeal Joint 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica” 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. V. Voronov
    • 1
  1. 1.Moscow City Pedagogical UniversityMoscowRussia

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