Group Decision and Negotiation

, Volume 12, Issue 6, pp 477–480 | Cite as

United States–China Plane Collision Negotiation

  • Melvin F. Shakun


On April 1, 2000 an American surveillance plane and a Chinese fighter plane collided off the coast of China. The Chinese pilot parachuted out of his aircraft but was presumed dead; his body was not found. The U.S. plane made an emergency landing at a Chinese military airfield without receiving permission. China thus had possession of the U.S. plane and crew. China said that the U.S. was responsible for the crash and demanded an apology. The U.S. expressed “regret” over the collision but declared it had no apology to give as the fault lay with the Chinese pilot. On April 10 with negotiation between the two countries remaining deadlocked, the author considered the problem in the Evolutionary Systems Design (ESD) framework. The article discusses the author's analysis and solution, his efforts to implement it, and the agreed solution announced by the U.S. and China on April 11.

conflict Evolutionary Systems Design (ESD) negotiation problem solving 


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  1. Shakun, M. F. (1996). “Modeling and Supporting Task-Oriented Group Processes: Purposeful Complex Adaptive Systems and Evolutionary Systems Design,” Group Decision and Negotiation 5 (4-6), 305–317.Google Scholar
  2. Shakun, M. F. (2003). “Right Problem Solving: Doing the Right Thing Right,” Group Decision and Negotiation 12 (6).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Melvin F. Shakun
    • 1
  1. 1.Leonard N. Stern School of BusinessNew York UniversityNew YorkUSA

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