Wild artichokes of south Italy: did the story begin here?
- 141 Downloads
A collection of wild artichokes (Cynara cardunculus L. var. sylvestris (Lam.) Fiori) was conducted in south Italy. The distribution of the wild populations was not even all over the explored territory, from the coastline to the inner mountains, and in some areas wild artichokes were completely absent. A certain level of morphological variation for height and habit of plants, size and shape of capitula, length, shape, and position of bracteal spines, was observed. It has been noticed that picking capitula from the wild for human consumption is a common habit in southern Italy and Sicily. Historical data and etnobotanic inference suggest the idea that the artichoke could have been domesticated in south Italy, and Sicily in particular, and was spread by the Arabs to other regions of the Mediterranean Basin.
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Basnizki J. and Zohary D. 1994. Breeding of seed-planted artichoke. Plant Breed Rev. 12: 253–269.Google Scholar
- Bernardo L. 1995. Fiori e piante del Parco del Pollino. Edizioni Prometeo, Castrovillari (CS).Google Scholar
- Bianco V.V. 1990. Carciofo (Cynara scolymus L.). In: Bianco V.V. and Pimpini F. (eds), Orticoltura, Patron Editore, Bologna, Italy, pp. 209–251.Google Scholar
- Caneva G., Pontrandolfi M.A. and Fascetti S. 1997. Piante alimentari spontanee della Basilicata. Consiglio Regionale della Basilicata, Ufficio Stampa, pp. 190–191.Google Scholar
- Montelucci G. 1962. Un'escursione a Montetosto, presso Cerveteri. Annali di Botanica – Roma 27: 323–330.Google Scholar
- Pignatti S. 1982. Flora d'Italia. Ed agricole, Bologna.Google Scholar
- Rottenberg A. and Zohary D. 1996. The wild ancestry of the cultivated artichoke. Genet. Resour. Crop Evol. 43: 53–58.Google Scholar
- Rottenberg A., Zohary D. and Nevo E. 1996. Isozyme relationships between cultivated artichoke and the wild relatives. Genet. Resour. Crop. Evol. 43: 59–62.Google Scholar
- Sonnante G., De Paolis A., Lattanzio V. and Perrino P. 2002. Genetic variation in wild and cultivated artichoke revealed by RAPD markers. Genet. Resour. Crop Evol. 49: 247–252.Google Scholar
- Sonnante G., Ippedico M. and De Paolis A. 2003. Microsatellite and AFLP markers in an artichoke world collection. V International Congress on Artichoke, Tudela, Spain, 5–8 May, p. 22.Google Scholar
- Sonnante G., De Paolis A. and Pignone D. 2004. Relationships among artichoke cultivars and some related wild taxa based on AFLP markers. Plant Genet. Resour. – Characteriz Utiliz (in-press).Google Scholar
- Wiklund A. 1992. The genus Cynara L. (Asteraceae-Cardueae). Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 109: 75–123.Google Scholar