Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution

, Volume 51, Issue 6, pp 643–653 | Cite as

Relating Morphologic and RAPD Marker Varlation to Collection Site Environment in wild Populations of Red Clover (Trifolium Pratense L.)

  • S.L. Greene
  • M. Gritsenko
  • G. Vandemark


Although genotypic and phenotypic markers are used to describe genetic diversity, describing patterns of variationattributable to geographic differentiation is complex.We examined concordance between morphologic and RAPDmarker classification of 33 wild red clover populations collected from the Caucasus Mountains, Russia andcompared how morphologic and RAPD markers differed in their correspondence to collection site attributes.Wealso examined if wild red clover populations collected from sites located in areas more conducive to gene flow (i.e.adjacent to roads, or drainage systems) had the same concordance between morphologic and RAPD markers aspopulations collected from sites less conducive to gene flow.We measured 15 morphologic traits in a commongarden and carried out a Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) analysis. There was a significantdifference among the 33 populations for 14 out of 15 morphological traits. Morphology clustered the populationsinto classes that corresponded to three climate regimes. Classification schemes generated by morphologic andRAPD data did not coincide. Morphologic data corresponded with site data for populations collected at all sites.RAPD data corresponded to site data for only those populations collected at sites not conducive to gene flow. Apopulation's adaptation to collection site needs to be considered in using neutral markers to effectivelydiscriminating geographic differentiation.We discuss the practical lessons of this study on the effective collection,conservation and use of plant genetic resources.


Gene Flow Genetic Resource Wild Population Morphologic Trait Drainage System 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • S.L. Greene
    • 1
  • M. Gritsenko
    • 2
  • G. Vandemark
    • 2
  1. 1.USDAARS National Temperate Forage Legume Germplasm Resources UnitProsserUSA
  2. 2.USDAARS Vegetable and Forage Crop Research UnitProsserUSA

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