Glycoconjugate Journal

, Volume 20, Issue 2, pp 107–118 | Cite as

Alpha-Galactosyl trisaccharide epitope: Modification of the 6-primary positions and recognition by human anti-αGal antibody

  • Peter R. Andreana
  • Przemyslaw Kowal
  • Adam J. Janczuk
  • Peng George WangEmail author


Galactose oxidase (EC, GAO) was used to convert the C-6′ OH of Galβ(1 → 4)Glcβ–OBn (5) to the corresponding hydrated aldehyde (7). Chemical modification, through dehydratative coupling and reductive amination, gave rise to a small library of Galβ(1 → 4)Glcβ–OBn analogues (9a–f, 10, 11). UDP-[6-3H]Gal studies indicated that α1,3-galactosyltransferase recognized the C-6′ modified Galβ(1 → 4)Glcβ–OBn analogues (9a–f, 10, 11). Preparative scale reactions ensued, utilizing a single enzyme UDP-Gal conversion as well as a dual enzymatic system (GalE and α1,3GalT), taking full advantage of the more economical UDP-Glc, giving rise to compounds 6, 15–22. Galα(1 → 3)Galβ(1 → 4)Glcβ–OBn trisaccharide (6) was produced on a large scale (2 g) and subjected to the same chemoenzymatic modification as stated above to produce C-6″ modified derivatives (23–30). An ELISA bioassay was performed utilizing human anti-αGal antibodies to study the binding affinity of the derivatized epitopes (6, 15–30). Modifications made at the C-6′ position did not alter the IgG antibody's ability to recognize the unnatural epitopes. Modifications made at the C-6″ position resulted in significant or complete abrogation of recognition. The results indicate that the C-6′ OH of the αGal trisaccharide epitope is not mandatory for antibody recognition. Published in 2004.

galactosyltransferase antibody carbohydrates epitope Galactose oxidase 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter R. Andreana
    • 1
  • Przemyslaw Kowal
    • 1
  • Adam J. Janczuk
    • 1
  • Peng George Wang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Wayne State UniversityDetroitUSA

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