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GeoJournal

, Volume 60, Issue 2, pp 165–174 | Cite as

Web Use in Geographical and Environmental Education: An International Survey at the Primary and Secondary Level

  • Lea HoutsonenEmail author
  • Ilta-Kanerva Kankaanrinta
  • Antti Rehunen
Article

Abstract

This article aims to study Web use and Web-based co-operation and collaboration in geographical and environmental education at the primary and secondary level around the world. Recent trends and future opportunities and challenges are taken into account. The theoretical part of the study considers Web use and different forms of Web-based co-operation. Web use and co-operation in education are classified as co-operative learning, collaborative learning or communal learning. Web use in geographical and environmental education is noted to be growing in significance. Web-based co-operation at any level of intensity is associated with many opportunities and challenges. The empirical part of this study involves a survey of geographical and environmental education researchers in various countries about their views of Web use in education. The results of this survey indicate that the Web in general finds minimal use in geographical and environmental education. As access to the Web is limited and only some pupils can use it, co-operation, particularly collaborative learning on the Web, is still rare in geographical and environmental education. The most often used application is e-mail. Researchers recognise the potential of the Web to enhance local, national and international co-operation, and to facilitate a better understanding of geographical and environmental issues at the grass-root level. Web-based learning can also help to increase and deepen the pupils' cultural understanding. Before that, however, problems in access, costs and teacher training must be solved.

collaborative learning co-operative learning environmental education geographical education web-based learning 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lea Houtsonen
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Ilta-Kanerva Kankaanrinta
    • 3
  • Antti Rehunen
    • 2
  1. 1.National Board of EducationHelsinkiFinland
  2. 2.Department of GeographyUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  3. 3.Department of Teacher EducationUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland

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