GeoJournal

, Volume 59, Issue 4, pp 265–275 | Cite as

Capitalism, masculinity and whiteness in the dialectical landscape: The case of Tarzan and the Tycoon

Article

Abstract

The intent of this paper is to explore how ‘reel’ and ‘real’ landscapes can be rendered dialectic. The analysis focuses on the filming of Tarzan's Secret Treasure (1941) at the wildlife preserve of Wakulla Springs in Florida, which was administered by the financial tycoon Ed Ball. Using Mitchell's recent commentaries on ‘good’ and ‘bad’ dialectics as our entry point, we offer two readings of this cinematic process. The first renders the on and off screen Wakulla Springs as ideological fodder, serving to valorise capital, masculinity and whiteness. The second reading addresses how this place has been actively constructed from discourses pertaining to class, gender and race, such that Wakulla exists as a series of fully relational spaces within diverse contexts, both ‘real’ and ‘reel’. In structuring our analysis in this manner, we hope to make clear why it does indeed matter for film geographers to acknowledge the conceptual presumptions brought to bear in the framing of the real and the reel as objects of analysis.

capitalism dialectical landscapes film geography masculinity whiteness 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Acheson K. and Maule C.J., 1994: Understanding Hollywood's Organization and Continuing Success. Journal of Cultural Economics 18: 271–300.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aitken S.C. and Zonn L.E., 1994: Re-Presenting the place pastiche. In: Aitken S.C. and Zonn L.E. (eds), Place, Power, Situation and Spectacle: A Geography of Film, pp. 3–25. Rowman and Littlefield, Lanham MD.Google Scholar
  3. Bailey J.O., 1947: Pilgrims in Space and Time: Trends and patterns in scientific and utopian fiction. Argus Books, New York.Google Scholar
  4. Barthes R., 1959: Mythologies. Noonday, New York.Google Scholar
  5. Bazin A., 1951: What is Cinema? University of California Press, Berkeley.Google Scholar
  6. Benton L., 1995: Will the real/reel Los Angeles please stand up? Urban Geography 16: 144–64.Google Scholar
  7. Bordwell D., Staiger, J. and Thompson K., 1985: The Classical Hollywood Cinema: Film style and mode of production. Routledge, London.Google Scholar
  8. Burt A., 1974: Ed Ball's 'Private Zoo' Still Place of Beauty. The Miami Herald February 24: 3N.Google Scholar
  9. Caputo J. (ed.), 1997: Deconstruction a Nutshell. Fordham University Press, Fordham.Google Scholar
  10. Chalker C., 1941: Want to Meet Tarzan? He's making film near here. Daily Democrat June 22: 2.Google Scholar
  11. Clarke D., 1997: Introduction: Previewing the Cinematic City. In: Clarke D. (ed.), The Cinematic City. Routledge, London.Google Scholar
  12. Cobb H., 1974: Like Midas, Everything He Touches turns to Gold. Tallahassee Democrat September 22: E1–2.Google Scholar
  13. Cobb H., 1978: Ball Predicts Win in Estate Fight. Tallahassee Democrat March 5: E6.Google Scholar
  14. Cobb H., 1978: Ed Ball: Keep Life Simple. Tallahassee Democrat March 5: E1 and E13.Google Scholar
  15. Committee on Banking and Currency, 1965a: Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Banking and Currency, United States Senate, 89th Congress, Second Session on S. 2353, S. 2418 and H.R. 7371: Bills to Amend the Bank holding Company act of 1956. Part One. US Government Printing Office, Washington DC. March 16, 17, 22, 23, 24, 29, 30 and 31.Google Scholar
  16. Committee on Banking and Currency, 1965b: Hearings Before a Subcommittee of the Committee on Banking and Currency, United States Senate, 89th Congress, Second Session on S. 2353, S. 2418 and H.R. 7371: Bills to Amend the Bank holding Company act of 1956. Part Two. US Government Printing Office, Washington DC. May 2, 3 and 4.Google Scholar
  17. Committee on Banking and Currency, 1965c: Hearings Before the Committee on Banking and Currency, House of Representatives, 89th Congress, First Session on H.R. 7371: A Bill to Amend the Bank Holding Company Act of 1956. US Government Printing Office, Washington DC. May 27, June 14 and 15.Google Scholar
  18. Commolli J.-L., 1971: Technique et Idéologie. Cahiers du Cinéma 229 (May-June): 4–21.Google Scholar
  19. Cosgrove D., 1983: Towards a radical cultural geography: Problems of theory. Antipode 15: 1–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Crang M., 2002: Rethinking the Observer: Film, mobility and the construction of the subject. In: Cresswell T. and Dixon D.P. (eds), Engaging Film: Geographies of mobility and identity. Rowman and Littlefield, Lanham MD.Google Scholar
  21. Cresswell T. and Dixon, D. (eds), 2002: Engaging Film: Mobility, Identity, Pedagogy. Rowman and Littlefield, Lanham MD.Google Scholar
  22. Dixon R., 1995: Writing the Postcolonial Adventure: Race, gender and nation in Anglo-Australian popular fiction. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  23. Dixon D.P. and Cresswell T., 2002: Introduction: Engaging Film. In: Cresswell T. and Dixon D.P. (eds), Engaging Film: Geographies of Mobility and Identity. Rowman and Littlefield, Lanham MD.Google Scholar
  24. Duncan J., 1990: The City as Text: the politics of landscape interpretation in the Kandayan Kingdom. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  25. Eble K. (ed.), 1986: Edgar Rice Burroughs. Twayne Publishers, Boston.Google Scholar
  26. Essoe G., 1968: Tarzan of the Movies: A pictorial history of more than fifty years of Edgar Rice Burroughs' legendary hero. Cadillac Publishing Company, New York.Google Scholar
  27. Fenton R.W., 1967: The Big Swingers. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs NJ.Google Scholar
  28. Folch-Serra M., 1990: Place, Voice and Space: Mikhail Bakhtin's Dialogical Landscape. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 8: 255–274.Google Scholar
  29. Fury D., 1994: Kings of the Jungle: An illustrated reference to 'Tarzan' on screen and television. McFarland and Company, Jefferson NC.Google Scholar
  30. Gaines F.P., 1959: Edward Ball and the Alfred I. duPont Tradition. The Newcomen Society in North America, New York.Google Scholar
  31. Griffith L.O., 1975: Ed Ball: Confusion to the Enemy. Trend House, Tampa FL.Google Scholar
  32. Harley J.E., 1940: World-wide Influences of the Cinema: A study of official censorship and the international cultural aspects of motion pictures. University of Southern California Press, Los Angeles.Google Scholar
  33. Heins H.H., 1962: A Golden Anniversary Bibliography of Edgar Rice Burroughs. Donald M. Grant Press, West Kingston RI.Google Scholar
  34. Hanna S.P., 2000: Is it Roslyn or is it Cicely? Representations and the ambiguity of Place. Urban Geography 17: 633–649.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Jackson P., 1991: The cultural politics of masculinity: Towards a social geography. Transactions of the Institute of British Geography NS 16: 99–213.Google Scholar
  36. Lupoff R.A., 1968: Edgar Rice Burroughs: Master of Adventure. Ace Books, New York.Google Scholar
  37. MacCabe C., 1974: Realism and Cinema: Notes on some Brechtian Theses. Screen 15(2): 7–32.Google Scholar
  38. Mellencamp P., 1990: Indiscretions: Avant Garde film, video and feminism. Indiana University Press, Bloomington IN.Google Scholar
  39. Metz C., 1974: Film Language: A Semiotics of the Cinema. Oxford University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  40. Mitchell D., 2002a: Cultural Landscapes: the dialectical landscape-recent landscape research in human geography. Progress in Human Geography 26(3): 382–389.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Mitchell D., 2002b: Commentary: About Time. Environment and Planning A 34: 1–5.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Moskowitz S., 1963: Explorers of the Infinite: Shapers of science fiction. World Publishing Company, New YokGoogle Scholar
  43. Natter W. and Ones J.P., 1993: Signposts Towards a Poststructuralist Geography. In: Jones J.P., Natter W. and Schatzki T. (eds), Postmodern Contentions: Epochs, Politics, Space. Guilford, New York.Google Scholar
  44. Philo C., 1992: Foucault's Geography. Environment and Planning D: Society and Space 10: 137–161Google Scholar
  45. Porges I., 1975: Edgar Rice Burroughs: The man who created Tarzan. Provo, New York.Google Scholar
  46. Schatz T., 1988: The Genius of the System: Hollywood filmmaking in the Studio Era. Pantheon, New York.Google Scholar
  47. Shapiro M., 1992: Reading the postmodern polity: Political theory as textual practice. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis.Google Scholar
  48. Skaggs Jnr. A., 1941: Tarzan Johnny Weismuller Disports Self at Wakulla. Daily Democrat, Thursday June 12: A1.Google Scholar
  49. Soja E., 1989: Postmodern Geographies: The Reassertion of Space in the Social Sciences. Verso, London.Google Scholar
  50. Soja E., 1991: Heterotopologies: A Remembrance of Other Spaces in the Citadel-LA. Strategies 3: 6–39Google Scholar
  51. Staiger A., 1982: Dividing Labor for Production Control: Thomas Ince and the rise of the studio system. In: Kindem G. (ed.), American Film Industry: A case studies approach. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale Ill.Google Scholar
  52. Stoeson A.R., 1973: Road from Receivership: Claude Pepper, the DuPont Trust and the Florida East Coast Railway. The Florida Historical Quarterly October: 135–148.Google Scholar
  53. Wasko J., 1982: Movies and Money. Ablex, Norwood NJ.Google Scholar
  54. Zeuscher R.B., 1996: Edgar Rice Burroughs: The exhaustive scholar's and collector's descriptive bibliography of American periodical, hardcover, paperback and reprint editions. McFarland and Company, Jefferson NC.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Geography and Earth ScienceUniversity of Wales-AberystwythAberystwyth, WalesU.K.
  2. 2.Department of Geography and AnthropologyLouisiana State UniversityBaton RougeU.S.A.

Personalised recommendations