Advertisement

Fish Physiology and Biochemistry

, Volume 28, Issue 1–4, pp 113–117 | Cite as

The role estrogens play in sex differentiation and sex changes of fish

  • Masaru Nakamura
  • Ramji K. Bhandari
  • Mikihiko Higa
Article

Abstract

Using genetically controlled all-female and all-male tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), the role steroid hormones play in the sex differentiation was analyzed histologically, ultrastructurally, immunohistichemically and experimenntally. The results strongly suggest that endogenous estrogen acts as an ovarian inducer, and that the lack of steroid hormone including androgen is important for testicular differentiation. Moreover, the roles of steroid hormones in protogynous sex change of three-spotted wrasse (Halichoeres trimaculatus) and saddleback wrasse (Tharassoma duperrey) were examined. The results strongly support the hypothesis that the endogenous estrogen plays an important role in protogynous sex change.

aromatase aromatase inhibitor bipotency estrogen sex change sex differentiation 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Afonso, L.O.B., Smith, J., Iwama, G.K. and Donaldson, E.M. 1999. Effects of the aromatase inhibitor Fadrozole on plasma sex sterid secretion and ovulation rate in female coho salmon, (Oncorhynchus kisutch) close to final maturation. Gen. Comp. Endocrinol. 113: 221–229.Google Scholar
  2. Bhandari, R.K., Higa, M., Komuro, H., Nakamura, S. and Nakamura, M. 2003. Gonadal restructuring and correlative steroid hormone profiles during natural sex change in protogynous honeycomb grouper (Epinephelus merra). Zool. Sci. 20: 1399–1403.Google Scholar
  3. Bhandari, R.K., Higa, M., Nakamura, S. and Nakamura, M., 2004. Aromatase inhibitor induces complete sex in a protogynous fish (Epinephelus merra). Mol. Repro. Develop.Google Scholar
  4. Higa, M., Ogasawara, K., Sakaguchi, A., Nagahama, Y. and Nakamura, M. 2003. Role of steroid hormone in sex change of protogynous wrasse. Fish. Physiol. Biochem. 67: 303–307.Google Scholar
  5. Hunter, G.A. and E.M. Donaldson. 1987. Hormonal sex control and its application to fish culture. In: Fish Physiology, Vol. IXb. pp. 223–291. Edited by W.S. Hoar, D.J. Randall and E.M. Donaldson. Academic Press, New York, New York, USA.Google Scholar
  6. Kobayashi, T., Chang, X.T., Nakamura, M., Kaziura, H. and Nagahama. Y. 1996. Fish 3β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase/Δ5-Δ4 isomerase: Antibody production and their use for the immunohistochemical detection of fish steroidogenic tissues. Zool. Sci. 13: 909–914.Google Scholar
  7. Morrey, C.M., Nakamura, M., Kobayashi, T., Grau, E.G. and Nagahama, Y. 1998. P450scc-lilke immunoreactivity throughout gonadal restructuring in the protogynous hermaphrodite Tharassoma duperrey. Int. J. Dev. Biol. 42: 811–816.Google Scholar
  8. Nagahama, Y., Yoshikuni, M., Yamashita, M., Tokumoto, T. and Katsu, Y. 1995. Regulation of oocyte growth and maturation in fish. Curr. Topics Dev. Biol. 30: 103–145.Google Scholar
  9. Nakamura, M. Chang, X-T. Kobayashi, T. Nagahama Y. 1998. Gonadal sex differentiation in fish. J. Exp. Zool. 281: 1–13Google Scholar
  10. Nakamura, M. Hourigan, T.F., Yamauchi K., Nagahama, Y. and Grau, G.E. 1989. Histological and ultrastructural evidence for the role of gonadal steroid hormones in sex change in the protogynous wrasse Thalassoma duperrey. Env. Biol. Fish. 24: 117–136.Google Scholar
  11. Nakamura, M., Kobayashi, T., Yoshiura, Y. and Nagahama, Y. 1999. Role of endogenous steroid hormones on gonadal sex differentiation in fish. In: Proc. 6th Int. Symp. Reprod. Physiol. Fish. Edited by B. Noberg, O.S. Kjesbu, G.L. Taranger, E. Andersson and S.O. Stefansson. Bergen, Norway, pp. 247–249.Google Scholar
  12. Nakamura, M. and Nagahama, Y. 1985. Steroid producing cells during ovarian differentiation of the tilapia (Sarotherodon niloticus). Dev. Growth. Differ. 27: 701–708.Google Scholar
  13. Nakamura, M. and Nagahama, Y. 1989. Differentiation and development of Leydig cells, and change of testosterone levels during testicular differentiation in tilapia Oreochromis niloticus. Fish Physiol. Biochem. 7: 211–219.Google Scholar
  14. Nakamura, M. and Nagahama, Y. 1993. Ultrastructural study on the differentiation of steroid-producing cells during ovarian differentiation in the amago salmon, (Oncorhynchus rhodurus). Aquaculture. 112: 237–251.Google Scholar
  15. Pandian, T.J. and Sheela, S.G., 1995. Hormonal induction of sex reversal in fish. Aquaculture. 138: 1–22Google Scholar
  16. Piferrer, F., Zanuy, S., Carrillo, M., Solar II., Devlin, R.H., Donaldson, E.M. 1994. Brief treatmet with an aromatase inhibitor during sex differentiation causes chromosomally female salmon to develop as normal, functional males. J. Exp. Zool., 270: 255–262.Google Scholar
  17. Piferrer F. 2001. Endocrine sex control strategies for the feminization of teleost fish. Aquaculture 197: 229–281.Google Scholar
  18. Schreck, C.B. 1974. Hormonal treatment and sex manipulation in fishes. In: Control of Sex in Fishes. pp. 84–106. Edited by C.B. Schreck, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University Press, Blacksburg.Google Scholar
  19. Yamamoto, T. 1969. Sex differentiation. In: Fish Physiology, Vol. III. Edited by W.S. Hoar and D.J. Randall, Academic Press, New York, pp. 117–175.Google Scholar
  20. Yamazaki, F. 1983. Sex control and manipulation of fish. Aquaculture. 33: 329–354.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Masaru Nakamura
    • 1
    • 2
  • Ramji K. Bhandari
    • 1
  • Mikihiko Higa
    • 1
  1. 1.Sesoko Station, Tropical Biosphere Research CenterUniversity of the RyukyusMotoobu, OkinawaJapan
  2. 2.CREST, JSTShibuyaku, TokyoJapan

Personalised recommendations