Euphytica

, Volume 137, Issue 2, pp 203–223 | Cite as

Molecular mapping of powdery mildew resistance genes in wheat: A review

  • Xiu-Qiang Huang
  • Marion S. Röder
Article

Abstract

Powdery mildew, caused by Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici (syn. Erysiphe graminis f. sp. tritici), is one of the most important diseases of common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) worldwide. Molecular mapping and cloning of genes for resistance to powdery mildew in hexaploid wheat will facilitate the study of molecular mechanisms underlying resistance to powdery mildew diseases and help understand the structure and function of powdery mildew resistance genes, and permit marker-assisted selection in breeding programs. So far, 48 genes/alleles for resistance to powdery mildew at 32 loci have been identified and located on 16 different chromosomes, of which 21 resistance genes/alleles have been tagged by restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLPs), random-amplified polymorphic DNAs (RAPDs), amplified fragment length polymorphisms (AFLPs), sequence characterized amplified regions (SCARs), sequence-tagged sites (STS) or simple sequence repeats (SSRs). Several quantitative trait loci (QTLs) for adult plant resistance (APR) to powdery mildew have been associated with molecular markers. The detailed information on chromosomal location and molecular mapping of these genes has been reviewed. Isolation of powdery mildew resistance genes and development of valid molecular markers for pyramiding resistance genes in breeding programs is also discussed.

Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici gene isolation genetic mapping marker-assisted selection molecular markers powdery mildew resistance Triticum aestivum 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiu-Qiang Huang
    • 1
  • Marion S. Röder
    • 1
  1. 1.Gene and Genome Mapping GroupInstitute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK), Corrensstr. 3, D-06466GaterslebenGermany

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