Advertisement

European Journal of Epidemiology

, Volume 19, Issue 9, pp 841–849 | Cite as

Influence of Asthma on the Validity of Reported Lifelong Environmental Tobacco Smoke in the EGEA Study

  • Valérie Siroux
  • Philippe Guilbert
  • Nicole Le Moual
  • Marie-Pierre Oryszczyn
  • Francine KauffmannEmail author
Article

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the short-term reproducibility and the validity of reported ETS (environmental tobacco smoke) exposure, with a special emphasis on the potential misclassification related to personal or family history of asthma. Analyses were based on the data on the Epidemiological study on the Genetics and Environment of Asthma, bronchial hyperresponsiveness and atopy (EGEA), a case-control study of asthma that included first degree relatives of asthmatic cases. The study was comprised of 348 families of asthmatics recruited in six chest clinics throughout France and 416 population-based controls. For studying the validity of ETS reports, personal active smoking histories reported by family members were taken as reference. The reproducibility of ETS exposure report was good, and independent of asthma. The validity of the report of maternal and paternal smoking in childhood and spouse smoking during life was high (overall agreement ≥84%). Mothers of asthmatic children significantly underreported their smoking habits when questioned on their children's passive tobacco exposure. Offspring of parents who had stopped smoking underestimated their ETS exposure in childhood. In conclusion, interviews with mothers on their personal active smoking habits may provide a more accurate estimate of their asthmatic child's passive exposure than asking mothers specifically about their children's passive exposure. There was no indication that asthma status (either of the parent/spouse or of the respondent) by itself influences the report of ETS exposure during childhood or adulthood.

Asthma Passive smoking and Validity 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Benowitz NL. Biomarkers of environmental tobacco smoke exposure. Environ Health Perspect 1999; 107 (Suppl 2): 349-355.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Jarvis MJ, Feyerabend C, Bryant A, Hedges B, Primatesta P. Passive smoking in the home: Plasma cotinine concentrations in non-smokers with smoking partners. Tob Control 2001; 10: 368-374.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Matt GE, Wahlgren DR, Hovell MF, et al. Measuring environmental tobacco smoke exposure in infants and young children through urine cotinine and memory-based parental reports: Empirical findings and discussion. Tob Control 1999; 8: 282-289.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Hovell MF, Zakarian JM, Whalgren DR, Matt GE, Emmons KM. Reported measures of environmental tobacco smoke exposure: Trials and tribulations. Tob Control 2000; 9 (Suppl III): iii22-iii28.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kolonel LN, Hirohata T, Nomura AMY. Adequacy of survey data collected from substitute respondents. Am J Epidemiol 1977; 106: 476-484.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Lerchen ML, Samet JM. An assessment of the validity of questionnaire responses provided by a surviving spouse. Am J Epidemiol 1986; 123: 481-489.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Riboli E, Haley NJ, Tredaniel J, Saracci R, Prestin Martin S, Trichopoulos D. Misclassification of smoking status among women in relation to exposure to environmental tobacco smoke. Eur Respir J 1995; 8: 285-290.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Nyberg F, Isaksson I, Harris JR, Pershagen G. Misclassiffication of smoking status and lung cancer risk from environmental tobacco smoke in never-smokers. Epidemiology 1997; 8: 304-309.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Siroux V, Pin I, Oryszczyn MP, Le Moual N, Kauffmann F. Relationships of active smoking to asthma and asthma severity in the EGEA Study. Eur Respir J 2000; 15: 470-477.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Oryszczyn MP, Annesi-Maesano I, Charpin D, Paty E, Maccario J, Kauffmann F. Relationships of active and passive smoking to total IgE in adults of EGEA–(Epidemiological Study on the Genetics and Environment of Asthma, bronchial hyperresponsiveness and atopy). Am J Respir Crit Care Med 2000; 161: 1241-1246.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Cook DG, Strachan DP. Health effects of passive smoking. 3. Parental smoking and prevalence of respiratory symptoms and asthma in school age children. Thorax 1997; 52: 1081-1094.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Strachan DP, Cook DG. Health effects of passive smoking. 6. Parental smoking and childhood asthma: longitudinal and case-control studies. Thorax 1998; 53: 204-212.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Berman BA, Wong GC, Bastani R, et al. Household smoking behavior and ETS exposure among children with asthma in low-income, minority households. Add Behav 2003; 28: 111-128.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kauffmann F, Annesi-Maesano I, Liard R, et al. Construction et validation d'un questionnaire en épidémiologie respiratoire. L'exemple du questionnaire de l'Etude Epidémiologique des facteurs Génétiques et Environnementaux de l'Asthme, l'hyperréactivité bronchique et l'atopie (EGEA). Rev Mal Respir 2002; 19: 323-333. URL: http://www.splf.org/ bbo/revues-articles/RMR/depotElectronique/2001110_Kauffmann/Kauffmann2002.htmGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kauffmann F, Dizier MH, Pin I, et al. Epidemiological study on the genetics and environment of asthma, bronchial hyperresponsiveness and atopy (EGEA)–Phenotype issues. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 1997; 156: S123-S129.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kauffmann D, Dizier MH, Annesi-Maesano I, et al. EGEA (Epidemiological study on the Genetics and Environment of Asthma, bronchial hyperresponsiveness and atopy)–Descriptive characteristics. Clin Exp Allerg 1999; 29 (Suppl 4): 17-21.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Brille D, Casula D, van der Lende R,et al. Commentaires relatifs au questionnaire pour l'étude de la bronchite chronique et de l'emphysème pulmonaire (1967). Luxembourg: CEE-CECA, Collection d'hygiène et de médecine du travail, nº14, 1971.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Anonymous. United Medical and Dental Schools of Guys and St Thomas's Hospitals, Department of Public Health Medicine. Protocol for the European Community Respiratory Health Survey. London, 1993. ISBN 1 869942 01 9.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Masi MA, Hanley JA, Ernst P, Becklake MR. Environmental exposure to tobacco smoke and lung function in young adults. Am Rev Respir Dis 1988; 138: 296-299.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Persson PG, Norell SE. Retrospective versus original information on cigarette smoking. Am J Epidemiol 1989; 130: 705-712.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Ozasa K, Higashi A, Yamasaki M, Hayashi K, Watanabe Y. Valididty of self-reported passive smoking evaluated by comparison with smokers in the same household. J Epidemiol 1997; 7: 205-209.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Jaakkola MS, Samet JM. Occupational exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and health risk assessment. Environ Health Perspect 1999; 107 (Suppl 6): 829-835.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Herrmann N. Retrospective information from questionnaires. 1. Comparability of primary respondents and their next-of-kin. Am J Epidemiol 1985; 121: 937-947.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    MacHlin SR, Kleinman JC, Madans JH. Validity of mortality analysis based on retrospective smoking information. Stat Med 1989; 8: 997-1009.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Cumming KM, Markello SJ, Mahoney MC, Marshall JR. Measurement of lifetime exposure to passive smoke. Am J Epidemiol 1989; 130: 122-132.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Coultas DB, Peake GT, Samet JM. Questionnaire assessment of lifetime and recent exposure to environmental tobacco smoke. Am J Epidemiol 1989; 130: 338-347.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Brownson RC, Alavanja MCR, Hock E. Reliability of passive smoke exposure histories in a case-control study of lung cancer. Int J Epidemiol 1993; 22: 804-808.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Emerson JA, Hovell MF, Meltzer SB, et al. The accuracy of environmental tobacco smoke exposure measures among asthmatic chidren. J Clin Epidemiol 1995; 48: 1251-1259.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Passaro KT, Noss J, Savitz DA, Little RE. Agreement between self and partner reports of paternal drinking and smoking. Int J Epidemiol 1997; 26: 315-320.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Lundberg M, Hallqvist J, Diderichsen F. Exposure-dependent misclassification of exposure in interaction analyses. Epidemiology 1999; 10: 545-549.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Valérie Siroux
    • 1
    • 2
  • Philippe Guilbert
    • 1
  • Nicole Le Moual
    • 1
  • Marie-Pierre Oryszczyn
    • 1
  • Francine Kauffmann
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Epidemiology and BiostatisticsINSERM U472-IFR69VillejuifFrance
  2. 2.Département de Médecine Aiguë SpécialiséeCHUGrenobleFrance

Personalised recommendations