Crime, Law and Social Change

, Volume 41, Issue 2, pp 179–193 | Cite as

Democracy and political corruption: A cross-national comparison

  • H.-E. Sung


Past research on democracy and politicalcorruption produced mixed results becauseof differences in sampling and analyticalmethods. Moreover, an important shortcominghas been researchers' focus on detectinglinear effects alone. In the current study,I statistically controlled for potentiallyconfounding economic factors and usedhierarchical polynomial regression toevaluate the form of thedemocracy-corruption relationship. Resultsshowed that a cubic function best fittedthe data. Despite eruptions of corruptionamong intermediate democracies, theconsolidation of advanced democraticinstitutions eventually reduced corruption.Ultimately, the initial politicalconditions and the final democraticachievements determined the magnitude ofpolitical corruption in a country.


Past Research Mixed Result Economic Factor International Relation Polynomial Regression 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • H.-E. Sung
    • 1
  1. 1.The National Center on Addiction and Substance AbuseColumbia UniversityNew YorkUSA

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