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Cosmic Research

, Volume 42, Issue 5, pp 435–488 | Cite as

Solar and Heliospheric Phenomena in October–November 2003: Causes and Effects

  • I. S. Veselovsky
  • M. I. Panasyuk
  • S. I. Avdyushin
  • G. A. Bazilevskaya
  • A. V. Belov
  • S. A. Bogachev
  • V. M. Bogod
  • A. V. Bogomolov
  • V. Bothmer
  • K. A. Boyarchuk
  • E. V. Vashenyuk
  • V. I. Vlasov
  • A. A. Gnezdilov
  • R. V. Gorgutsa
  • V. V. Grechnev
  • Yu. I. Denisov
  • A. V. Dmitriev
  • M. Dryer
  • Yu. I. Yermolaev
  • E. A. Eroshenko
  • G. A. Zherebtsov
  • I. A. Zhitnik
  • A. N. Zhukov
  • G. N. Zastenker
  • L. M. Zelenyi
  • M. A. Zeldovich
  • G. S. Ivanov-Kholodnyi
  • A. P. Ignat'ev
  • V. N. Ishkov
  • O. P. Kolomiytsev
  • I. A. Krasheninnikov
  • K. Kudela
  • B. M. Kuzhevsky
  • S. V. Kuzin
  • V. D. Kuznetsov
  • S. N. Kuznetsov
  • V. G. Kurt
  • L. L. Lazutin
  • L. N. Leshchenko
  • M. L. Litvak
  • Yu. I. Logachev
  • G. Lawrence
  • A. K. Markeev
  • V. S. Makhmutov
  • A. V. Mitrofanov
  • I. G. Mitrofanov
  • O. V. Morozov
  • I. N. Myagkova
  • A. A. Nusinov
  • S. N. Oparin
  • O. A. Panasenco
  • A. A. Pertsov
  • A. A. Petrukovich
  • A. N. Podorol'sky
  • E. P. Romashets
  • S. I. Svertilov
  • P. M. Svidsky
  • A. K. Svirzhevskaya
  • N. S. Svirzhevsky
  • V. A. Slemzin
  • Z. Smith
  • I. I. Sobel'man
  • D. E. Sobolev
  • Yu. I. Stozhkov
  • A. V. Suvorova
  • N. K. Sukhodrev
  • I. P. Tindo
  • S. Kh. Tokhchukova
  • V. V. Fomichev
  • I. V. Chashey
  • I. M. Chertok
  • V. I. Shishov
  • B. Yu. Yushkov
  • O. S. Yakovchouk
  • V. G. Yanke
Article

Abstract

We present new observational data on the phenomena of extremely high activity on the Sun and in the heliosphere that took place in October–November 2003. A large variety of solar and heliospheric parameters give evidence that the interval under consideration is unique over the entire observation time. Based on these data, comparing them with similar situations in the past and using available theoretical concepts, we discuss possible cause-and-effect connections between the processes observed. The paper includes the first results and conclusions derived by the collaboration “Solar Extreme Events-2003” organized in Russia for detailed investigations of these events. As a result of our consideration, it is beyond question that the physical causes of solar and heliospheric phenomena in October–November 2003 are not exclusively local and do not belong only to the active regions and solar atmosphere above them. The energy reservoirs and driving forces of these processes have a more global nature. In general, they are hidden from an observer, since ultimately their sources lie in the subphotospheric layers of the Sun, where changes that are fast and difficult to predict can sometimes take place (and indeed they do). Solar flares can serve as sufficiently good tracers of these sudden changes and reconstructions on the Sun, although one can still find other diagnostic indicators among the parameters of magnetic fields, motions of matter, and emission characteristics.

Keywords

Atmosphere Magnetic Field Flare High Activity Active Region 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica” 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. S. Veselovsky
    • 1
  • M. I. Panasyuk
    • 1
  • S. I. Avdyushin
    • 2
  • G. A. Bazilevskaya
    • 3
  • A. V. Belov
    • 4
  • S. A. Bogachev
    • 3
  • V. M. Bogod
    • 5
  • A. V. Bogomolov
    • 1
  • V. Bothmer
    • 6
  • K. A. Boyarchuk
    • 4
  • E. V. Vashenyuk
    • 7
  • V. I. Vlasov
    • 8
  • A. A. Gnezdilov
    • 4
  • R. V. Gorgutsa
    • 4
  • V. V. Grechnev
    • 4
  • Yu. I. Denisov
    • 1
  • A. V. Dmitriev
    • 1
  • M. Dryer
    • 9
  • Yu. I. Yermolaev
    • 10
  • E. A. Eroshenko
    • 4
  • G. A. Zherebtsov
    • 4
  • I. A. Zhitnik
    • 3
  • A. N. Zhukov
    • 1
  • G. N. Zastenker
    • 10
  • L. M. Zelenyi
    • 10
  • M. A. Zeldovich
    • 1
  • G. S. Ivanov-Kholodnyi
    • 4
  • A. P. Ignat'ev
    • 3
  • V. N. Ishkov
    • 4
  • O. P. Kolomiytsev
    • 1
  • I. A. Krasheninnikov
    • 4
  • K. Kudela
    • 11
  • B. M. Kuzhevsky
    • 1
  • S. V. Kuzin
    • 3
  • V. D. Kuznetsov
    • 4
  • S. N. Kuznetsov
    • 1
  • V. G. Kurt
    • 1
  • L. L. Lazutin
  • L. N. Leshchenko
    • 4
  • M. L. Litvak
    • 10
  • Yu. I. Logachev
    • 1
  • G. Lawrence
    • 12
  • A. K. Markeev
    • 4
  • V. S. Makhmutov
    • 3
  • A. V. Mitrofanov
    • 3
  • I. G. Mitrofanov
    • 10
  • O. V. Morozov
    • 1
  • I. N. Myagkova
    • 1
  • A. A. Nusinov
    • 13
  • S. N. Oparin
    • 3
  • O. A. Panasenco
    • 1
  • A. A. Pertsov
    • 3
  • A. A. Petrukovich
    • 10
  • A. N. Podorol'sky
    • 1
  • E. P. Romashets
    • 4
  • S. I. Svertilov
    • 1
  • P. M. Svidsky
    • 2
  • A. K. Svirzhevskaya
    • 3
  • N. S. Svirzhevsky
    • 3
  • V. A. Slemzin
    • 3
  • Z. Smith
    • 11
  • I. I. Sobel'man
    • 3
  • D. E. Sobolev
    • 4
  • Yu. I. Stozhkov
    • 3
  • A. V. Suvorova
    • 1
  • N. K. Sukhodrev
    • 3
  • I. P. Tindo
    • 3
  • S. Kh. Tokhchukova
    • 14
  • V. V. Fomichev
    • 4
  • I. V. Chashey
    • 8
  • I. M. Chertok
    • 4
  • V. I. Shishov
    • 8
  • B. Yu. Yushkov
    • 1
  • O. S. Yakovchouk
    • 1
  • V. G. Yanke
    • 4
  1. 1.Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear PhysicsRussia
  2. 2.Fedorov Institute of Applied Geophysics
  3. 3.Lebedev Physical InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesRussia
  4. 4.Institute of Terrestrial MagnetismIonosphere, and Radio Wave Propagation (IZMIRAN)TroitskRussia
  5. 5.Special Astrophysical ObservatoryRussian Academy of SciencesNizhni ArkhyzRussia
  6. 6.Max-Planck Institut fur SonnensystemforschungGermany
  7. 7.Polar Geophysical InstituteKola Science CenterRussian Academy of SciencesRussia
  8. 8.Pushchino ObservatoryAstro Space CenterLebedev Physical Institute, Russian Academy of SciencesRussia
  9. 9.Space Environment CenterUSA
  10. 10.Space Research InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesRussia
  11. 11.Institute of Experimental Physics of the Slovak Academy of SciencesSlovakia
  12. 12.Observatoire Royal de BelgiqueBelgium
  13. 13.Fedorov Institute of Applied GeophysicsMoscow
  14. 14.Main (Pulkovo) Astronomical ObservatoryRussian Academy of SciencesRussia

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