Child Psychiatry and Human Development

, Volume 35, Issue 1, pp 37–53 | Cite as

A Longitudinal Study of Maternal Depressive Symptoms, Negative Expectations and Perceptions of Child Problems

  • Ilona Luoma
  • Pälvi Kaukonen
  • Mirjami Mäntymaa
  • Kaija Puura
  • Tuula Tamminen
  • Raili Salmelin


The aim of this longitudinal study was to examine the associations between maternal depressive symptoms and perceptions of children’s problems. One hundred and nineteen mother–child dyads were followed from the third trimester of pregnancy for almost 10 years. Depressive symptoms and background factors of the mothers and the anticipated/perceived problems of their firstborn were assessed prenatally, postnatally, and when the child was 4–5 years and 8–9 years old. The simultaneous and long-term associations between maternal depressive symptoms and child's problems were examined. Maternal prenatal depressive symptoms, the continuity of negative expectations to postnatal problem perceptions, and high problem level at 4–5 years of child's age predicted high problem level in 8–9-year-olds.

maternal depression Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) Neonatal Perception Inventory (NPI) 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ilona Luoma
  • Pälvi Kaukonen
  • Mirjami Mäntymaa
  • Kaija Puura
  • Tuula Tamminen
  • Raili Salmelin

There are no affiliations available

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