With increases in family employment rates, there is growing interest in how children spend their time after school. This paper reviews the current research literature on relative care, non-relative care, after-school programs, and self-care for school age children with special attention paid to child outcomes from participation in various after school care arrangements. Research shows mixed findings regarding relations between type of after-school care and child outcome. The use of self-care is not associated with negative child outcomes for predominantly Caucasian children within rural and suburban populations. Different outcomes for self-care are found, however, within urban and minority communities. For low-income families, positive effects from participation in formal after-school programs are found. Major policy recommendations are: (1) to increase federal funding available for after-school programs; (2) to set standards for programs; (3) to involve the community in administering after-school programs, and (4) to make more information regarding after-school care options available to parents.
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Sarampote, N.C., Bassett, H.H. & Winsler, A. After-School Care: Child Outcomes and Recommendations for Research and Policy. Child & Youth Care Forum 33, 329–348 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1023/B:CCAR.0000043039.79476.e9
- after-school policy
- school-age children
- child care