Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal

, Volume 21, Issue 1, pp 5–23 | Cite as

How Dresses Can Make You Mentally Ill: Examining Gender Identity Disorder in Children

  • Susan J. Langer
  • James I. Martin


This paper examines the diagnostic category of Gender Identity Disorder in Children (GIDC) and its evolution. It also critiques the continued use of GIDC on conceptual, psychometric, and ethical grounds. Gender atypicality is a social construction that varies over time according to culture and social class and therefore should not be pathologized.

Gender Identity Gender Nonconformity Childhood DSM 


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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc. 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Susan J. Langer
    • 1
  • James I. Martin
    • 2
  1. 1.Corona Elmhurst Guidance CenterNew York
  2. 2.New York UniversityNew York

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