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Biochemistry (Moscow)

, Volume 69, Issue 9, pp 949–962 | Cite as

Catalase and Superoxide Dismutase: Distribution, Properties, and Physiological Role in Cells of Strict Anaerobes

  • A. L. Brioukhanov
  • A. I. Netrusov
Article

Abstract

This review considers the distribution of the main enzymes of antioxidative defense, superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase, in various groups of strictly anaerobic microorganisms: bacteria of the genus Clostridium, Bacteroides, sulfatereducing and acetogenic bacteria, methanogenic archaea, etc. Molecular and biochemical properties of purified Fe-containing SODs, cambialistic SODs, and heme catalases are presented. The physiological role and origin of the enzymes of antioxidative defense in strict anaerobes are discussed. Physiological responses (induction of SOD and catalase) to factors provoking oxidative stress in the cells of strict anaerobes able to maintain viability under aerobic conditions are also considered.

anaerobes catalase superoxide dismutase oxidative stress 

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Copyright information

© MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica” 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. L. Brioukhanov
    • 1
  • A. I. Netrusov
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology, Biological FacultyLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

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