Biology and Philosophy

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 263–281

Toward a more expansive conception of ecological science

  • Kevin de Laplante

DOI: 10.1023/B:BIPH.0000024410.43277.98

Cite this article as:
de Laplante, K. Biology & Philosophy (2004) 19: 263. doi:10.1023/B:BIPH.0000024410.43277.98


There are two competing conceptions of the nature and domain of ecological science in the popular and academic literature, an orthodox conception and a more expansive conception. The orthodox conception conceives ecology as a natural biological science distinct from the human social sciences. The more expansive conception views ecology as a science whose domain properly spans both the natural and social sciences. On the more expansive conception, non-traditional ecological disciplines such as “ecological psychology”, “ecological anthropology” and “ecological economics” may legitimately be regarded as sub-disciplines of ecology, and the practitioners of such disciplines as ecologists. The orthodox-expansionist issue is significant both for the practice of ecology and for the self-identity of the philosophy of ecology. I argue in favour of the expansionist conception of ecology on general conceptual grounds, and by developing the case for one particular non-traditional ecological discipline, ecological psychology.

Ecology Ecological psychology J. J. Gibson Philosophy of ecology 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kevin de Laplante
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Philosophy and Religious StudiesIowa State UniversityAmesUSA

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