Biologia Plantarum

, Volume 48, Issue 3, pp 395–399 | Cite as

Effects of Pre-Treatments with Abscisic Acid and/or Benzyladenine on Gas Exchange of French Bean, Sugar Beet, and Maize Leaves During Water Stress and After Rehydration

  • J. Pospíšilová
  • P. Baťková
Article

Abstract

Net photosynthetic rate (PN), transpiration rate (E), and stomatal conductance (gs) during water stress and after rehydration were measured in Phaseolus vulgaris, Beta vulgaris, and Zea mays. Immediately before imposition of water stress by cessation of watering, plants were irrigated with water (control), 100 μM abscisic acid (ABA), and/or 10 μM N6-benzyladenine (BA). In all three species, application of ABA decreased gs, E, and PN already 1 h after application. However, during water stress gs, E, and PN in plants pre-treated with ABA remained higher than in plants pre-treated with water. Positive effects of ABA application were observed also after rehydration. In contrast, the effects of pre-treatment with BA were species-specific. While in bean plants BA application ameliorated negative effect of water stress, only very slight effects were observed in maize, and in sugar beet BA even aggravated the effects of water stress.

Beta vulgaris net photosynthetic rate Phaseolus vulgaris stomatal conductance transpiration rate water use efficiency Zea mays 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Blackman, P.G., Davies, W.J.: Age-related changes in stomatal response to cytokinins and abscisic acid.-Ann. Bot. 54: 121-125, 1984.Google Scholar
  2. Čatský, J.: Determination of water deficit in disks cut out from leaf blades.-Biol. Plant. 2: 76-78, 1960.Google Scholar
  3. Chernyad'ev, I.I., Monakhova, O.F.: The activity and content of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase in wheat plants as affected by water stress and kartolin-4.-Photosynthetica 35: 603-610, 1998.Google Scholar
  4. Cornic, G., Massacci, A.: Leaf photosynthesis under drought stress.-In: Baker, N.R. (ed.): Photosynthesis and the Environment. Pp. 347-366. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht 1996.Google Scholar
  5. Davies, W.J., Jeffcoat, B. (ed.): Importance of Root to Shoot Communication in the Responses to Environmental Stress.-British Society for Plant Growth Regulation, Bristol 1990.Google Scholar
  6. Drüge, U., Schönbeck, F.: Effect of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal infection on transpiration, photosynthesis and growth of flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) in relation to cytokinin levels.-J. Plant Physiol. 141: 40-48, 1992.Google Scholar
  7. Flexas, J., Bota, J., Escalona, J.M., Sampol, B., Medrano, H.: Effects of drought on photosynthesis in grapevines under field conditions: an evaluation of stomatal and mesophyll limitations.-Funct. Plant Biol. 29: 461-471, 2002.Google Scholar
  8. Hose, E., Steudle, E., Hartung, W.: Abscisic acid and hydraulic conductivity of maize roots: a study using cell-and root-pressure probes.-Planta 211: 874-882, 2000.Google Scholar
  9. Liang, J., Zhang, J., Wong, M.H.: Can stomatal closure caused by xylem ABA explain the inhibition of leaf photosynthesis under soil drying?-Phosynth. Res. 51: 149-159, 1997.Google Scholar
  10. Maroco, J.P., Rodrigues, M.L., Lopes, C., Chaves, M.M.: Limitations to leaf photosynthesis in field-grown grapevine under drought-metabolic and modelling approaches.-Funct. Plant Biol. 29: 451-459, 2002.Google Scholar
  11. Marshall, J.G., Scarratt, J.B., Dumbroff, E.B.: Induction of drought resistance by abscisic acid and paclobutrazol in jack pine.-Tree Physiol. 8: 415-421, 1991.Google Scholar
  12. Metwally, A., Tsonev, T., Zeinalov, Y.: Effect of cytokinins on the photosynthetic apparatus in water-stressed and rehydrated bean plants.-Photosynthetica 34: 563-567, 1997.Google Scholar
  13. Mizrahi, Y., Scherings, S.G., Malis Arad, S., Richmond, A.E.: Aspects of the effect of ABA on the water status of barley and wheat seedlings.-Physiol. Plant. 31: 44-50, 1974.Google Scholar
  14. Nayyar, H., Kaushal, S.K.: Alleviation of negative effects of water stress in two contrasting wheat genotypes by calcium and abscisic acid.-Biol. Plant. 45: 65-75, 2002.Google Scholar
  15. Pandey, D.M., Goswami, C.L., Kumar, B., Jain, S.: Hormonal regulation of photosynthetic enzymes in cotton under water stress.-Photosynthetica 38: 403-407, 2000.Google Scholar
  16. Pospíšilová, J.: Participation of phytohormones in the stomatal regulation of gas exchange during water stress.-Biol. Plant.46: 491-506, 2003a.Google Scholar
  17. Pospíšilová, J.: Interaction of cytokinins and abscisic acid during regulation of stomatal opening in bean leaves.-Photosynthetica 41: 49-56, 2003b.Google Scholar
  18. Pospíšilová, J., Dodd, I.C.: Role of plant growth regulators in stomatal limitation to photosynthesis during water stress.-In: Pessarakli, M. (ed.): Handbook of Photosynthesis, 2nd Ed., in press. Marcel Dekker, New York 2004.Google Scholar
  19. Pospíšilová, J., Rulcová, J., Vomáčka, L.: Effect of benzyladenine and hydroxybenzyladenosine on gas exchange of bean and sugar beet leaves.-Biol. Plant. 44: 523-528, 2001.Google Scholar
  20. Pospíšilová, J., Synková, H., Rulcová, J.: Cytokinins and water stress.-Biol. Plant. 43: 321-328, 2000.Google Scholar
  21. Pospíšilová, J., Wilhelmová, N., Synková, H., Čatský, J., Krebs, D., Tichá, I., Hanáčková, B., Snopek, J.: Acclimation of tobacco plantlets to ex vitro conditions as affected by application of abscisic acid.-J. exp. Bot. 49: 863-869, 1998.Google Scholar
  22. Radin, J.W., Hendrix, D.L.: The apoplastic pool of abscisic acid in cotton leaves in relation to stomatal closure.-Planta 174: 180-186, 1988.Google Scholar
  23. Rulcová, J., Pospíšilová, J.: Effect of benzylaminopurine on rehydration of bean plants after water stress.-Biol. Plant.44: 75-81, 2001.Google Scholar
  24. Schroeder, J.I., Allen, G.J., Hugouvieux, V., Kwak, J.M., Waner, D.: Guard cell signal transduction.-Annu. Rev.Plant Physiol. Plant mol. Biol. 52: 627-658, 2001.Google Scholar
  25. Singh, D.V., Srivastava, G.C., Abdin, M.Z.: Amelioration of negative effect of water stress in Cassia angustifolia by benzyladenine and/or ascorbic acid.-Biol. Plant. 44: 141-143, 2001.Google Scholar
  26. Terashima, I., Ono, K.: Effects of HgCl2 on CO2 dependence of leaf photosynthesis: evidence indicating involvement of aquaporins in CO2 diffusion across the plasma membrane.-Plant Cell Physiol 43: 70-78, 2002.Google Scholar
  27. Trouverie, J., Thévenot, C., Rocher, J.-P., Sotta, B., Prioul, J.-L.: The role of abscisic acid in the response of a specific vacuolar invertase to water stress in adult maize leaf.-J. exp. Bot. 54: 2177-2186, 2003.Google Scholar
  28. Vomáčka, L., Pospíšilová, J.: Rehydration of sugar beet plants after water stress: effects of cytokinins.-Biol. Plant. 46: 57-62, 2003.Google Scholar
  29. Xu, H.-L., Shida, A., Futatsuya, F., Kumura, A.: Effects of epibrassinolide and abscisic acid on sorghum plants growing under soil-water deficit. II. Physiological basis for drought resistance induced by exogenous epibrassinolide and abscisic acid.-Jap. J. Crop Sci. 63: 676-681, 1994.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Pospíšilová
    • 1
  • P. Baťková
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Experimental BotanyAcademy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicPraha 6Czech Republic, e-mail
  2. 2.Charles UniversityFaculty of SciencePraha 2Czech Republic

Personalised recommendations