Biological Invasions

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 269–281 | Cite as

Blitzkrieg in a Marine Invasion: Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Bryopsidales, Chlorophyta) Reaches the Canary Islands (North-East Atlantic)

  • Marc Verlaque
  • Julio Afonso-Carrillo
  • M. Candelaria Gil-Rodríguez
  • Christine Durand
  • Charles F. Boudouresque
  • Yannick Le Parco
Article

Abstract

On the basis of morphological and genetic studies (rDNA ITS1, 5.8S, ITS2, and a 18S rDNA intron), we confirm here that Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Sonder) Verlaque, Huisman et Boudouresque, a southwestern Australian taxon recently introduced into the Mediterranean Sea also occurs in the Canary Islands. This is the first report of C. racemosa var. cylindracea in the Atlantic. It was observed for the first time in the Canary Archipelago in 1997–1998. The speed and regional scale of expansion (north Atlantic Ocean and the Mediterranean Sea) of this invasive species appear to be among the most dramatic ever recorded. The possible outcome of this introduction in the Atlantic is discussed.

Atlantic Bryopsidales Canary Islands Caulerpa racemosa introduced species invasive algae 18S intron ITS1–ITS2 marine invasion range expansion 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marc Verlaque
    • 1
  • Julio Afonso-Carrillo
    • 2
  • M. Candelaria Gil-Rodríguez
    • 2
  • Christine Durand
    • 3
  • Charles F. Boudouresque
    • 3
  • Yannick Le Parco
    • 3
  1. 1.UMR 6540, Centre d'Océanologie de MarseilleUniversité de la Méditerranée, Parc Scientifique et Technologique de LuminyFrance
  2. 2.Departamento Biologia Vegetal (Botánica)Universidad de La LagunaTenerifeSpain
  3. 3.UMR 6540, Centre d'Océanologie de MarseilleUniversité de la Méditerranée, Parc Scientifique et Technologique de LuminyFrance

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