BN-800 as a New Stage in the Development of Fast Sodium-Cooled Reactors
- 72 Downloads
The role of fast reactors in a strategy for developing nuclear power in Russia because of the inevitable exhaustion of natural uranium deposits in the foreseeable future is discussed. The BN-800 reactor, which is under construction and incorporates unique solutions – greatly enhancing the safety of the reactor – to technical and constructional problems, is examined. Cost assessments taking account of the complete life cycle show that fast reactors could be no more expensive than the most widely reactors in the world – water-moderated water-cooled reactors.
Closing the BN-800 nuclear fuel cycle will make it possible to solve the problem of utilizing plutonium and actinides. This makes fast reactors safer for the environment.
KeywordsRussia Life Cycle Uranium Unique Solution Plutonium
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.“Uranium 1999. Resources, production, and demand,” Joint Report by the NEA OECD and the IAEA, Paris (2000), pp. 237–245.Google Scholar
- 2.A. V. Zrodnikov, V. M. Poplavskii, A. I. Kiryushin, et al., “Prospects for the development of fast nuclear reactors,” in: 3rd Scientific Conference of the Ministry of Atomic Energy on Nuclear Power - Status and Prospects, Moscow (2002), pp. 65–84.Google Scholar
- 3.V. I. Matveev, V. M. Murogov, V. M. Poplavskii, et al., “Present-day concept of the development of fast sodium-cooled reactors,” Teploénerget., No. 5, 2–10 (1994).Google Scholar
- 4.V. I. Matveev, A. N. Chebeskov, V. A. Cherny, et al., “Studies, development, and justification of core with zero sodium-void reactivity effect of the BN-800 reactor,” in: Proceedings of the International Topical Meeting on Sodium-Cooled Fast Reactor Safety, Obninsk, Russia, October 3-7, 1994, pp. 1-45- 1-59.Google Scholar
- 5.“EFR benchmark on economic competitiveness,” in: A Joint Report by the CEA, France and Minatom, Russia (1996).Google Scholar
- 6.J. Lake, “Principles of nuclear enregy of the 4th generation,” Nucl. News, Nov. 2000, p. 11.Google Scholar
- 7.“Trends in the nuclear fuel cycle. Economic, environmental, and social aspects,” in: Rep. NEA OECD, Paris (2001), pp. 28–36.Google Scholar
- 8.A. V. Zrodnikov, F. M. Mitenkov, V. M. Poplavsky, and A. I. Kiryushin, “State of the art and prospects of fast neutron reactors,” Nucl. Eng. Design, No. 173, 81–85 (1997).Google Scholar