Aquaculture International

, Volume 12, Issue 4–5, pp 481–487 | Cite as

The Completed Life Cycle of the Octopus (Octopus vulgaris, Cuvier) under Culture Conditions: Paralarval Rearing using Artemia and Zoeae, and First Data on Juvenile Growth up to 8 Months of Age

  • J. Iglesias
  • J.J. Otero
  • C. Moxica
  • L. Fuentes
  • F.J. Sánchez
Article

Abstract

This paper shows innovating results on Octopus vulgaris Cuvier 1797 growth under culture conditions during the whole life cycle. Experiments were conducted at the Spanish Institute of Oceanography of Vigo (Spain). Using mean water temperature of 22.5°C, salinity of 35‰ and adult Artemia (1–4 mm of total length) along with a diet complement of Maja squinado zoeae as living prey, it was possible to obtain a 31.5% paralarval survival at day 40 after hatching. At this age, paralarvae had reached a dry weight of 9.5 mg, 23 suckers per arm, and they began the settlement process. First results on juvenile growth showed that they reached 0.5–0.6 kg at the age of 6 months after hatching, and 2 months later, they attained weights ranging between 1.4 and 1.8 kg. Mean temperature of the ongrowing process was 18°C.

Artemia Juvenile growth Octopus Paralarvae culture Zoeae 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. FAO 2000. FAO Fisheries Yearbook. Fishery statistics. Aquaculture production 2000, Vol. 90/2, Roma, 178 pp.Google Scholar
  2. García B. and Aguado F. 2002.Influence of diet on ongrowing and nutrient utilization in the common octopus (Octopus vulgaris). Aquaculture 211:171-182.Google Scholar
  3. Hamazaki H., Fukunaga K., Yoshida Y. and Maruyam K. 1991 Effects of marine micro algae Nannochloropsis sp. on survival and growth on rearing pelagic paralarvae of O. vulgaris, and results of mass culture in the tank of 20 m3. Saibaigiken 19:75-84.Google Scholar
  4. Iglesias J., Sánchez F.J. and Otero J.J. 1997. Primeras experiencias sobre el cultivo integral del pulpo (Octopus vulgaris Cuvier) en el IEO. Actas del VI Congreso Nacional de Acuicultura, Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación, Cartagena, 456Google Scholar
  5. Iglesias J., Sánchez F.J., Otero J.J. and Moxica C. 2000. Culture of octopus (Octopus vulgaris, Cuvier): present knowledge, problems and perspectives. Cahiers Options Méditerranéennes 47: 313-321.Google Scholar
  6. Itami K., Izawa Y., Maeda S. and Nakai K. 1963. Notes on the laboratory culture of octopus larvae. Bulletin of the Japanese Society of Science and Fisheries 29: 514-520.Google Scholar
  7. Luaces-Canosa M. and Rey-Méndez M. 2001. El engorde industrial de pulpo (Octopus vulgaris) en jaulas: análisis de dos años de cultivo en la Ría de Camariñas (Galicia). Monografías del Instituto Canario de Ciencias Marinas 4: 184-189.Google Scholar
  8. Moxica C., Otero J.J., Iglesias J. and Sánchez F.J. 2001. Comportamiento reproductor, puestas y desarrollo embrionario del pulpo (Octopus vulgaris) en cautividad. Monografías del Instituto Canario de Ciencias Marinas 4:549-554.Google Scholar
  9. Moxica C., Linares F., Otero J.J., Iglesias J. and Sánchez F.J. 2002.Cultivo intensivo de paralarvas de pulpo (Octopus vulgaris, Cuvier 1797) en tanques de 9 m3. Boletín del Instituto Español de Oceanografía 18(1–4): 31-36.Google Scholar
  10. Navarro J.C. and Villanueva R. 2000. Lipid and fatty acid composition of early stages of cephalopods: an approach to their lipid requirements. Aquaculture 183: 161-177.Google Scholar
  11. Navarro and Villanueva R. 2003. The fatty acid composition of Octopus vulgaris paralarvae reared with live and inert food: deviation from their natural fatty acid profile. Aquaculture 219: 613-631.Google Scholar
  12. Sánchez F.J., Iglesias J., Moxica C. and Otero J.J. 1998. Growth of octopus (Octopus vulgaris, Cuvier), males and females under culture conditions. Aquaculture and Water. European Aquaculture Society. Special Publication 26: 244-245.Google Scholar
  13. Villanueva R. 1994. Decapod crab zoeae as food for rearing cephalopod paralarvae. Aquaculture 128: 143-152.Google Scholar
  14. Villanueva R. 1995. Experimental rearing and growth of planktonic Octopus vulgaris from hatching to settlement. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 52: 2639-2650.Google Scholar
  15. Villanueva R., Koueta N., Riba J. and Boucaud-Camou E. 2002. Growth and proteolytic activity of Octopus vulgaris paralarvae with different food rations during first-feeding, using Artemia nauplii and compound diets. Aquaculture 205: 269-286.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Iglesias
    • 1
  • J.J. Otero
    • 1
  • C. Moxica
    • 1
  • L. Fuentes
    • 1
  • F.J. Sánchez
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto Español de Oceanografía36200-VigoSpain (e-mail

Personalised recommendations