Experimental & Applied Acarology

, Volume 30, Issue 1–3, pp 203–213 | Cite as

Coffee Ringspot Virus Vectored by Brevipalpus phoenicis (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) in Coffee

Article

Abstract

Coffee ringspot is characterized by conspicuous ringspot symptoms on leaves, berries, and less frequently on twigs. It is caused by coffee ringspot virus (CoRSV), a short, bacilliform virus (40 nm × 100–110 nm). The virus is not seed borne and is transmitted by Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes). Transovarial transmission within the mite does not occur. CoRSV has been mechanically transmitted to Chenopodium amaranticolor Coste and Reynaud, C. quinoa Wildenow, Beta vulgaris L., and Alternanthera tenella Colla resulting in local lesions. Systemic infection within both C. amaranticolor and C. quinoa occurs. Virions are found in the nucleus or cytoplasm of infected cells, commonly associated with membranes. Occasionally, membrane bounded particles are found within the cisternae of the endoplasmic reticulum. A characteristic electron lucent, nuclear inclusion is commonly found in many infected cells. These cytopathic effects place CoRSV among the nuclear type of Brevipalpus-borne viruses. The disease has been reported in several Brazilian states (São Paulo, Paraná, Minas Gerais, and Federal District) and recently found in Costa Rica. A similar disease is known in the Philippines, but no information exists about its relationship to CoRSV. Coffee ringspot had no economical significance until recently when a large scale infection was reported in Minas Gerais that resulted in yield loss.

Brevipalpus phoenicis Coffea sp. coffee ringspot virus cytopathic effects natural and experimental virus transmission 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto BiológicoSão Paulo, SPBrazil
  2. 2.Departamento de Entomologia, Fitopatologia e Zoologia Agrícola, Escola Superior de Agricultura “Luiz de Queiroz”Universidade de São PauloPiracicaba, SPBrazil
  3. 3.Entomology and Nematology DepartmentUniversity of Florida, IFAS, Citrus Research and Education CenterLake AlfredUSA

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