Experimental & Applied Acarology

, Volume 30, Issue 1–3, pp 161–179 | Cite as

Citrus Leprosis Virus Vectored by Brevipalpus phoenicis (Acari: Tenuipalpidae) on Citrus in Brazil

  • J.C.V. RodriguesEmail author
  • E.W. Kitajima
  • C.C. Childers
  • C.M. Chagas


Citrus leprosis is caused by Citrus leprosis virus (CiLV) that is transmitted by mites in the genus Brevipalpus (Acari: Tenuipalpidae). This disease directly reduces production and the life span of the citrus plant. The main symptoms of the disease include lesions on fruits, leaves, and twigs or small branches, causing premature fruit drop, defoliation, and death of the twigs or branches leading to serious tree decline. Leprosis is a highly destructive disease of citrus, wherever it occurs. The Brazilian citrus industry spends over 100 million US dollars annually on acaricides to control the vector, Brevipalpus phoenicis (Geijskes). This review contains information about the history of the etiology of citrus leprosis, its geographical distribution, host range, the role of the mite vectors, viral morphology and relationships with the infected cell, and transmissibility of the virus by the mite. In addition, data on the mite-virus-plant relationship, disease damage, and strategies for controlling disease spread are presented.

Citrus leprosis virus – CiLV Florida's scaly bark nail head rust lepra explosiva leprose dos citros leprosis de los cítricos Brevipalpus unassigned rhabdovirus 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • J.C.V. Rodrigues
    • 1
    Email author
  • E.W. Kitajima
    • 2
  • C.C. Childers
    • 1
  • C.M. Chagas
    • 3
  1. 1.Entomology and Nematology Department, IFAS, Citrus Research and Education CenterUniversity of FloridaLake AlfredUSA
  2. 2.Departamento de Entomologia, Fitopatologia e Zoologia Agrícola, Escola Superior de Agricultura “Luiz de Queiroz,”Universidade de São PauloPiracicaba, SPBrazil
  3. 3.Instituto BiológicoSão Paulo, SPBrazil

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