Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

, Volume 86, Issue 1, pp 1–25 | Cite as

Applications of free living plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria

  • M. Lucy
  • E. Reed
  • Bernard R. Glick


Free-living plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR) can be used in a variety of ways when plant growth enhancements are required. The most intensively researched use of PGPR has been in agriculture and horticulture. Several PGPR formulations are currently available as commercial products for agricultural production. Recently developing areas of PGPR usage include forest regeneration and phytoremediation of contaminated soils. As the mechanisms of plant growth promotion by these bacteria are unravelled, the possibility of more efficient plant-bacteria pairings for novel and practical uses will follow. The progress to date in using PGPR in a variety of applications with different plants is summarized and discussed here.

Agriculture Forestry Horticulture Inoculants Phytoremediation Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Lucy
    • 1
  • E. Reed
    • 1
  • Bernard R. Glick
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologyUniversity of WaterlooOntarioCanada, N2L 3G1

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