Advertisement

Hydrobiologia

, Volume 452, Issue 1–3, pp 89–100 | Cite as

On the taxonomy and biogeography of Potamon atkinsonianum (Wood-Mason, 1871) and Potamon (Potamon) emphysetum (Alcock, 1909)

  • Dirk Brandis
Article
  • 105 Downloads

Abstract

The Himalayas are known to be a geologically young and dynamic mountain range hosting an endemic flora and fauna. To date, for freshwater crabs, one endemic subgenus within the genus Potamon, Potamon (Himalayapotamon) Pretzmann, 1966, has been described from the Himalayas. This subgenus includes two species, Potamon atkinsonianum (Wood-Mason, 1871) and Potamon emphysetum (Alcock, 1909). The taxonomic position of these two species is reconsidered. The subgenus Himalayapotamon is raised to generic level and its systematic and zoogeographic position is discussed. Based mainly on the morphology of the male copulatory system, Himalayapotamon belongs to the family Potamidae. It is more related to the Eurasian genus Potamon Savigny, and is distinct from the South-East Asian genus Potamiscus as well as from the Indian freshwater crabs of the family Gecarcinucidae. Zoogeographically Himalayapotamon appears to be an endemic genus related to Potamon, both genera presumably being isolated during the Miocene when the Gangetic waters were separated from the western Eurasian river systems. Further speciation occurred during glacial periods.

Potamidae Himalayan mountain range Nepal zoogeography taxonomy palaeogeography of the Ganges river system 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Alcock, A., 1909. Diagnosis of new species and varieties of freshwater crabs. Nos. 1–4. Records of the Indian Museum 3: 243–252, 375–381.Google Scholar
  2. Alcock, A., 1910. Catalogue of the Indian Decapod Crustacea in the collection of the Indian Museum Part I. Brachyura Fasc. II. the Indian freshwater crabs-Potamonidae; Calcutta. printed by order of the trustees of the Indian Museum 1–135, pls. 1–14. – Calcutta.Google Scholar
  3. Allen, J. R. L., 1985. Principles of Physical Sedimentology, Boston, MA: Allen & Unwin.Google Scholar
  4. Bachmayer, F. & G. Pretzmann, 1971. Krebsreste aus den altpliozänen Süßwasserablagerungen des Eichkogels bei Mödling, Niederösterreich. – Annalen des naturhistorischen Museums Wien, 75: 283–291.Google Scholar
  5. Beck, R. A. & D. W. Burbank, 1990. Continental-scale diversion of rivers: a control of alluvial stratigraphy. Geological society of America, Abstracts with programs 22: A238.Google Scholar
  6. Balss, H., 1940-61. Decapoda. In Bronn, H. V. (ed.), Klassen und Ordnungen des Tierreichs, Vol. 5, 7. Akademischer Verlag Geest & Portig, Leipzig: 1–2169.Google Scholar
  7. Banarescu, P. M., 1992. Zoogeography of freshwaters, Volume 2: Distribution and Dispersal of Freshwater animals in North America and Eurasia: 513–1092. Wiesbaden (Aula-Verlag).Google Scholar
  8. Bauer, R. T., 1986. Phylogenetic trends in sperm transfer and strorage complexity in Decapod crustaceans. J. crust. Biol. 6: 313–325.Google Scholar
  9. Bott, R., 1955. Die Süßwasserkrabben von Afrika und ihre Stammesgeschichte. Annales du Musee Royal du Congo Belge (C, 3,3) 1(3): 209–352.Google Scholar
  10. Bott, R., 1966. Potamiden aus Asien. Senckenbergiana biologica 47: 469–501.Google Scholar
  11. Bott, R., 1969. Die Süßwasserkrabben Süd-Amerikas und ihre Stammesgeschichte. – Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 518: 1–94, pls. 1–24.Google Scholar
  12. Bott, R., 1970. Die Süßwasserkrabben von Europa, Asien, Australien und ihre Stammesgeschichte. Abhandlungen der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 526: 1–338.Google Scholar
  13. Brandis, D., 2000. The taxonomic status of the genus Potamiscus Alcock, 1909 (Decapoda: Brachyura: Potamidae). Senckenbergiana Biologica 80: 57–100.Google Scholar
  14. Brandis, D., V. Storch & M. Türkay, 1999. Morphology and function of the copulatory system in freshwater crabs of the genus Potamon. J. Morphol. 239: 157–166.Google Scholar
  15. Brandis, D., V. Storch, & M. Türkay, 2000. Taxonomy and zoogeography of the freshwater crabs of Europe, North Africa, and the Middle East (Crustacea: Decapoda: Potamidae) Senckenbergiana Biologica 80: 5–56.Google Scholar
  16. Das, B. K., 1990. Studies on certain ultra-surface structures and ecobiology of rheophilic fish. Ph.D. thesis at the Gauhati University, Faculty of Science Zoology: 275 pp.Google Scholar
  17. De Man, J. G., 1898. Viaggo di Leonardo Fea in Birmania. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (2)19: 284–440.Google Scholar
  18. Dewey, J.F. & P. Bird, 1970. Mountain belts and the new global tectonics. J. Geophys. Res. 75(14): 2625–2647.Google Scholar
  19. Glaessner, M., 1928. Die Decapodenfauna des österreichischen Jungtertiärs. Jahrb. Geol. Bundesanstalten Wien 78: 161–219.Google Scholar
  20. Glaessner, M., 1929. Dekapodenstudien. – Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie etc., Beilagenband LXIII, Abt. B: 137–176.Google Scholar
  21. Guinot, D., 1979. Morphologie et phylogenèse des Brachyoures. Mém. Mus. Nat. d'Hist. Natur. 112: 1–354.Google Scholar
  22. Hall, R., 1998. The plate tectonics of cenozoic SE Asia and the distribution of land and sea. In Hall, R. & J. D. Holloway (eds), Biogeography and Geological Evolution of SE Asia. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, the Netherlands: 99–131.Google Scholar
  23. Henderson, J. R., 1819. A contribution to Indian carcinology. Trans. linn. Soc. London (2)5: 325–458.Google Scholar
  24. Hora, S. L., 1955. Tectonic history of India and its bearing on fish geography. J. Bombay Nat. His. Soc. 52(4): 692–701.Google Scholar
  25. Kemp, S., 1913. Zoological results of the Abor expedition, 1911– 1912. XX. Crustacea Decapoda. Records of the Indian Museum 8: 289–310.Google Scholar
  26. Kemp, S., 1923. On a collection of river crabs from Siam and Annam. J. Nat. Hist. Soc. Siam 6(1): 1–42.Google Scholar
  27. Latreille, P. A., 1819. Thelphuse. In Nouveau dictionnaire d'histoire naturelle, appliquée aux arts, a l'agriculture, a l'économie rurale et domestique, a la médecine, etc. Par une Société de naturalistes et d'agriculteurs. Vol. 28: POR-RAL. (Paris: Déterville libraire, rue Hautefeuille, n.o 8: de l'imprimerie d'Abel Lanoe, rue de la Harpe, Paris 1816–1819. Nouvelle édition presqu'entièrement refondue et considérablement augmentée; avec des figures tirées des trois règnes de la nature.): 500–504.Google Scholar
  28. Magalhães, C. & M. Türkay, 1996. Taxonomy of the neotropical freshwater crab family Trichodactylidae. I. The generic system with description of some new genera (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura). Senckenbergiana biologica 75(1/2): 63–95, text-Figs. 1–50, Tables 1–2.Google Scholar
  29. Mani, M. S., 1974. Biogeography of the Himalaya. In Mani, M. S. (ed.), Ecology and Biogeography in India. Dr W. Junk Publishers, The Hague: 664–681.Google Scholar
  30. Pretzmann, G., 1966a. Einige neue Potamiden des Himalayagebietes (Vorläufige Mitteilung). Entom. Nachrichtenblatt 13: 4–6.Google Scholar
  31. Pretzmann, G., 1966b. Zur Kenntnis der Potamoniden des Himalayagebietes. Ergeb. Forsch. Unternehmens Nepal Himalaya Khumbu Himal. 1: 343–348.Google Scholar
  32. Pretzmann, G., 1966c. Süßwasserkrabben aus dem westlichen Himalayagebiet. Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien 69: 299–303.Google Scholar
  33. Rathbun, M.J., 1904–1906. Les crabes d'eau douce. – Nouvelles archives du Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle., série 4, 6 (1904): 225–312; 7 (1905): 160–321, pls. 9–18; 8 (1906): 33–122, pls. 13–22.Google Scholar
  34. Savigny, J. C., 1816. Mémoires sur les Animaux sans vertebres. 1, Paris, Gabriel Dufour, Libraire, rue de Vaugirard: pp. 118, pl. I–VIII.Google Scholar
  35. Seeber, L. & V. Gornitz, 1983. River profiles along the Himalayan arc as indicators of active tectonics. Tectonophysics 92: 335–367.Google Scholar
  36. Shroder, J. F. Jr., 1993. Himalaya to the sea: geomorphology and the quaternary of Pakistan in the regional context. In Shroder, J. F. Jr. (ed.), Himalaya to the sea. Routledge, London, New York: 1–42.Google Scholar
  37. Sinha, A. K., 1992. Himalayan Mountain building and the tectonic process involved in it. In Sinha, A. K. (ed.), Himalayan Orogen and Global Tectonics. A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam: 1–44.Google Scholar
  38. Szombathy, K., 1916. Die tertiären Formen der Gattung Potamon (Thelphusa) und ihre paläarktischen Nachkommen. Annales historico-naturales Musei Nationalis Hungarici, Budapest 14: 281–472.Google Scholar
  39. Türkay, M., 1975. Die Bedeutung des Gonopodenaufbaus für die Aufklärung von Verwandtschaftsverhältnissen bei dekapoden Crustaceen. Aufsätze und Reden der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft 27: 1–125.Google Scholar
  40. Wood-Mason, J., 1871. Contribution to Indian carcinology. J. Asiatic Soc. Bengal 40(2): 189–207, 449–454.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dirk Brandis
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Forschungsinstitut SenckenbergFrankfurt a. M.Germany
  2. 2.Zoologisches Institut IUniversität HeidelbergHeidelbergGermany

Personalised recommendations