The interaction of CO, N2 and NO with Cu cations in ZSM-5: quantum chemical description and IR study
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In this paper we study the properties of Cu ions and their interactions with diatomic molecules in Cu-exchanged ZSM-5. We present DFT quantum chemical calculations for models composed of the Cu site and a diatomic molecule accompanied by IR investigations for various forms of CuZSM-5. Two series of calculations with density functional theory have been undertaken in order to investigate the influence of zeolitic framework on properties of exchanged cations: (i) for small models built of free mono- and divalent copper cation interacting with CO, N2 and NO and (ii) 5- or 6-member ring models of ZSM-5 hosting the cation and a diatomic molecule. Comparison of calculated and experimental IR X–Y frequencies supports our model and brings some insight into the activation mechanism.
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