Advertisement

Environmental Biology of Fishes

, Volume 59, Issue 4, pp 453–458 | Cite as

Sponge-dwelling Fishes of Northeastern Brazil

  • Luiz A. Rocha
  • Ierecê L. Rosa
  • Bertran Feitoza
Article

Abstract

In this first attempt to survey the Brazilian sponge-dwelling fishes we present a list of collected fishes, with notes on their distribution, abundance and habitat preferences. Risor ruber, an obligate sponge-dwelling goby, and Scorpaenodes tredecimspinosus, never before collected in association with sponges, are recorded for the first time in the western South Atlantic based on collections made in localities on the northeastern Brazilian coast. Previous work on Risor ruber indicated that it preferred massive sponges, but in our study the majority of the specimens were found in the lumen of tubular sponges, Aplysina lacunosa, together with other fishes and invertebrates, mostly crustaceans. Elacatinus figaro, originally described as a cleaner goby, is also a sponge-dweller that occurs in waters much deeper than previously thought. The sponge community off northeastern Brazil represents the only shelter for several species of fishes in a desert of rubble and flat rocky bottoms, perhaps functioning as habitat ‘oases’. We also found four Brazilian endemic species of fishes associated with sponges in depths greater than 50 m, which contradicts a previous hypothesis suggesting that endemic fishes in Brazilian coastal waters are restricted to depths less than 50 m.

reef fishes fish communities sponges Risor Elacatinus 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References cited

  1. Böhlke, J.E. & C.C.G. Chaplin. 1993. Fishes of the Bahamas and adjacent tropical waters, second edition. University of Texas Press, Austin. 771 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Böhlke, J.E. & C.R. Robins. 1968. Western Atlantic seven-spined gobies, with descriptions of ten new species and a new genus, and comments on Pacific relatives. Proc. Acad. Nat. Sci. Philad. 120: 45–175.Google Scholar
  3. Colin, P. 1975. Neon gobies. TFH Publications, Neptune City. 304 pp.Google Scholar
  4. Collette, B.B. & K. Rützler. 1977. Reef fishes over sponge bottoms off the mouth of the Amazon River. Proc. 3rd Int. Coral Reef Symp.: 305–310.Google Scholar
  5. Eschmeyer, W.N. 1969.Asystematic reviewof the scorpionfishes of the Atlantic Ocean (Pisces: Scorpaenidae). Occ. Pap. Cal. Acad. Sci. 76: 1–143.Google Scholar
  6. Gilbert, C.R. & G.H. Burgess. 1986. Variation in western Atlantic gobiid fishes of the genus Evermannichthys. Copeia 1986: 157–165.Google Scholar
  7. Greenfield, D.W. 1988. A review of the Lythrypnus mowbrayi complex (Pisces: Gobiidae), with the description of a new species. Copeia 1988: 460–470.Google Scholar
  8. Greenfield, D.W. 1989. Priolepis dawsoni n. sp. (Pisces: Gobiidae), a third Atlantic species of Priolepis. Copeia 1989: 397–401.Google Scholar
  9. Guimarães, R.Z.P. 1996. First record of Apogon planifrons Longley et Hildebrand (Teleostei: Apogonidae) from southeastern Brazil. Rev. Fr. Aquariol. 23: 61–63.Google Scholar
  10. Randall, J.E. 1966. The West Indian bleniid fishes of the genus Hypleurochilus, with the description of a new species. Proc. Biol. Soc. Wash. 79: 57–71.Google Scholar
  11. Sazima, I., R.L. Moura & R.S. Rosa. 1996. Elacatinus figaro sp. n. (Perciformes: Gobiidae), a new cleaner goby from the coast of Brazil. Aqua J. Ichthyol. Aqua, Biol. 2: 33–38.Google Scholar
  12. Tyler, J.C. & J.E. Böhlke. 1972. Records of sponge-dwelling fishes, primarily of the Caribbean. Bull. Mar. Sci. 22: 601–642.Google Scholar
  13. Williams, J.T. & A.M. Smart. 1983. Redescription of the Brazilian labrisomid fish Starksia brasiliensis. Proc. Biol. Soc.Wash. 96: 638–644.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Luiz A. Rocha
    • 1
  • Ierecê L. Rosa
    • 2
  • Bertran Feitoza
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Fisheries and Aquatic SciencesUniversity of FloridaGainesvilleU.S.A.
  2. 2.Departamento de Sistemática e Ecologia, JoãoUniversidade Federal da Paraíba, CCENPessoaBrazil

Personalised recommendations