Learning Environments Research

, Volume 3, Issue 2, pp 159–177

Teacher Morale in Western Australia: A Multilevel Model

  • Deidra J. Young

DOI: 10.1023/A:1026574424714

Cite this article as:
Young, D.J. Learning Environments Research (2000) 3: 159. doi:10.1023/A:1026574424714


As part of a larger longitudinal study of Western Australian high schools, 212 teachers were surveyed about their perceptions of the school in which they teach and the management of that school. In particular, teachers responded to questions about the school environment, their morale and the organisational health of the school, and they were asked some self-concept and teaching efficacy questions. A multilevel model was used to investigate the effects of these and other school characteristics on teacher morale (the dependent variable), while accounting for school level differences. This study demonstrated that teacher morale varied between teachers and between schools, with school environment explaining 54% of the variability in morale. That is, when the school environment was positive, teacher morale was higher. The implications of this finding point to the importance of both improving the school environment and teacher morale in order to enhance the health of schools. This is only achieved when teachers believe that their school is improving and has a positive climate.

multilevel modelling organisational climate school effectiveness school environment teacher efficacy teacher morale teacher stress 

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Deidra J. Young
    • 1
  1. 1.Positive Ageing CentreCloisters SquareAustralia

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