, Volume 437, Issue 1–3, pp 107–119 | Cite as

Life history adaptation of Tanymastix stagnalis (Crustacea, Branchiopoda) to habitat characteristics

  • Graziella Mura
  • Paola Zarattini


Life histories of two populations of Tanymastix stagnalisfrom sites in central Italy, differing in climate and altitude above sea level, were compared to obtain information on the tolerance limits of this species.

Temperature was the main factor affecting the biology of Tanymastix stagnalis. Significant differences in growth patterns occurred at different sites. A colder climate induced delayed hatching, slower differentiation and maturation, but a longer life span in the mountain population (Forca Canapine) than in the plain (Fosso dei Mergani).

Both populations exhibited an initial fluctuating sex ratio, which later became female biased, a pattern which could be the consequence of adaptation to the unstable nature of the biotopes studied.

Tanymastix stagnalis habitat diversity adaptations 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Al Tikrity, M., 1979. Factors affecting the egg and general biology of Tanymastix stagnalis (L.). Ph.D. Thesis, Dublin University: 108 pp.Google Scholar
  2. Al Tikrity, M. & J. N. R. Grainger, 1990. The effect of temperature and other factors on the hatching of the resting eggs of Tanymastix stagnalis (L.) (Crustacea, Anostraca). J. therm. Biol. 4: 87–90.Google Scholar
  3. Ardö, P., 1947. Some notes on phyllopods in temporary pools on the Alvar of Olland in south Sweden. Lunds universitets Arsskrift 44 (6): 1–22.Google Scholar
  4. Artom, C., 1927. Tanymastix lacunae Guerin dell'Asinara (Sardegna). Int. Rev. ges. Hydrobiol. u. Hydrographie 18: 418–421.Google Scholar
  5. Cianficconi, F., G. P. Moretti, Q. Pirisinu & F. Tucciarelli, 1976. Composizione sistematica delle comunità acquatiche del settore meridionale dei Monti Sibillini, con considerazioni zoogeografiche. Lavori Società Italiana di biogeografia 4: 1–47.Google Scholar
  6. Cottarelli, V. & G. Mura, 1973. On some anostraca (Crustacea, Branchiopoda) from Sardinia. Boll. Zool. 40: 323–335.Google Scholar
  7. Cottarelli, V. & G. Mura, 1976. Reperti inediti degli anostraci in Italia. Fragm. Entom. 12: 317–321.Google Scholar
  8. Cottarelli, V., F. G. Margaritora & G. Mura, 1995. Crustacea Branchiopoda. In: Checklist delle specie della fauna italiana. Calderini, Bologna: 1-19.Google Scholar
  9. Daborn, G. R., 1976. The life cycle of Eubranchipus bundyi Forbes (Crustacea, Anostraca) in a temporary vernal pond of Alberta. Can. J. Zool. 54: 193–201.Google Scholar
  10. De Walsche, C., J. Mertens & H. Dumont, 1991. Observations on temperature optimum, cyst production, and survival of Streptocephalus proboscideus (Frauenfeld, 1873) (Crustacea, Anostraca), fed different diets. Hydrobiologia 212: 21–26.Google Scholar
  11. Di Luzio, R. M., 1977. Osservazioni morfologiche e biologiche su una popolazione di alta quota di Tanymastix stagnalis (L.) (Phyllopoda, Anostraca) del Piano di Raccollo, Campo Imperatore, L'Aquila. Ph.D.Thesis: 142 pp.Google Scholar
  12. Eder, E., W. Hödl & R. Gottwald, 1997. Distribution and phenology of large branchiopods in Austria. Hydrobiologia 359: 13–22.Google Scholar
  13. Engdal, J., 1978. New record of Tanymastix stagnalis (Crustacea, Phyllopoda) in Norway. Fauna, Oslo 31: 169–198.Google Scholar
  14. Flössner, D., 1972. Kiemen-und Blattfüsser, Branchiopoda, Fischläuse, Branchiura. In Dahl, F. (ed.), Die Tierwelt Deutschlands. Veb. G. Fischer Verlag, Jena. 39–61Google Scholar
  15. Freiner, D. & O. Grüttner, 1984. Der Eichener Kiemenfusskrebse. Nat. Mus. 114: 274–286.Google Scholar
  16. Garreau De Loubresse, N., 1965. Elevage au laboratoire du Phyllopode Tanymastix lacunae Guerin. Bull. Soc. Zool. Fr. 90: 301–341.Google Scholar
  17. Gillandt, L., J. M. Martens & H. Wilkens, 1983. Seltene Krebse temporärer Gewässer und ihre Verbreitung im Elbe-Bereich zwischen Schnackenburg und Hohnstorf (Crust., Anostraca, Notostraca, Copepoda). Abh. naturwiss. Ver. Hamburg 25: 339–349.Google Scholar
  18. Graeter, E., 1915. Tanymastix lacunae Guerin in einem schweizerischen Gewasser. Rev. Suisse Zool. 23: 95–99.Google Scholar
  19. Grainger, J. N. R., 1976. Further records for the fairy shrimp Tanymastix stagnalis (L.). Ir. Nat. J. 18: 326.Google Scholar
  20. Grainger, J. N. R., 1981. The effect of constant and changing temperature on the period from egg hatching to egg laying in Tanymastix stagnalis. J. therm. Biol. 6: 353–356.Google Scholar
  21. Grainger, J. N. R., 1991. The biology of Tanymastix stagnalis (L.) and its survival in large and small temporary water bodies in Ireland. Hydrobiologia 212: 77–82.Google Scholar
  22. Gurney, R., 1914. Tanymastix stagnalis and its occurrence in Norway. Int. Rev. ges. Hydrobiol. Biol. 6: 1–2.Google Scholar
  23. Hildrew, A. G., 1985. A quantitative study of the life history of a fairy shrimp (Branchiopoda, Anostraca) in relation to the temporary nature of its habitat, a kenyan rainpool. J. anim. Ecol. 54: 99–110.Google Scholar
  24. Hödl, W., 1994. A short review of the Anostraca, Notostraca, Laevicaudata and Spinicaudata of Austria. IUCN Anostracan News 2: 2–3.Google Scholar
  25. Kallinowsky, H., 1955. Ñber den Einfluss exogener Faktoren (Ernährung, Temperatur, Lebensraum) auf Wachstum, Körpergrösse und Lebensdauer von Chirocephalus grubei Dyb. Z. Morph. Ökol. Tiere 44: 196–221.Google Scholar
  26. Lake, P. S., 1969. The effect of temperature on growth, longevity and egg production in Chirocephalus diaphanus Prévost (Crustacea, Anostraca). Hydrobiologia 33: 342–351.Google Scholar
  27. Löffler, H., 1978. Anostraca, Notostraca, Conchostraca. In Illies, J. (ed.), Limnofauna Europea. Verlag Stuttgart: 474 pp.Google Scholar
  28. Lundblad, O., 1920. Vergleichende Studien über die Nahrungsaufnahme einiger swedischen Phyllopoden, nebst synonymischer, morphologischer und biologischer Bemerkungen. Ark. Zool. 13: 1–114.Google Scholar
  29. Maier, G. & U. Tessenow, 1983. Tanymastix stagnalis: Vorkommen in Hannoverschen Wendland und Befunde zur Larvalentwicklung (Crustacea, Anostraca). Abh. Naturwiss. Ver. Hamb. 25: 351–355.Google Scholar
  30. Margalef, R., 1958. Algunos crustaceos de las aguas continentales de Espana y norte de Africa. Misc. Zool. 1:1–2.Google Scholar
  31. Moore, W. G., 1957. Studies on the laboratory culture of anostraca. Trans. micr. Soc. 74: 156–173.Google Scholar
  32. Müller, G., 1918. Tanymastix lacunae (Guerin) aus dem Eichener See (sudl. Schwarzwald). Z. Biol. 69: 141–274.Google Scholar
  33. Mura, G., 1985. Preliminary report on the sympatric occurrence of two species of fairy shrimps (Crustacea, Anostraca) in some temporary ponds from Italy. Riv. Idrobiol. 24: 73.Google Scholar
  34. Mura, G., 1987. Osservazioni faunistico-ecologiche su di un gruppo di pozze di alpeggio dei Monti reatini. Riv. Idrobiol. 26: 123–130.Google Scholar
  35. Mura, G., 1991. Life history and interspecies relationships of Chirocephalus diaphanus Prévost and Tanymastix stagnalis (L.), (Crustacea, Anostraca) inhabiting a group of mountain ponds in Latium, Italy. Hydrobiologia 212: 45–59.Google Scholar
  36. Mura, G., 1993. Habitat and life history of Chirocephalus marchesonii Ruffo & Vesentini 1957, an endemic fairy shrimp from Monti Sibillini, central Italy. Riv. Idrobiol. 32: 73–104.Google Scholar
  37. Mura, G., 1995. Ecological study on the fairy shrimps from the temporary waters of Castelporziano natural reserve (Rome, Italy). Part I: Factors affecting the biology of Chirocephalus diaphanus and C. kerkyrensis (Crustacea, Anostraca). Riv. Idrobiol. 34: 69–129.Google Scholar
  38. Mura, G., 1996. Notes on the biology of the rare Branchipus visnyai Kertesz 1956 (Crustacea, Anostraca) from Monti Reatini (Latium, central Italy). Hydrobiologia 325: 239–254.Google Scholar
  39. Mura, G., 1997. The life history of Chirocephalus kerkyrensis Pesta (Crustacea, Anostraca) in temporary waters of Circeo National Park (Latium, Italy). Hydrobiologia 346: 11–23.Google Scholar
  40. Mura, G. & G. Barsotti, 1985. Reperti inediti di Anostraci (Crustacea, Branchipodida) dell'arcipelago Toscano (Isola di Capraia). Quad. Mus. Stor. Nat. Livorno 6: 47–51.Google Scholar
  41. Nourisson, M., 1960. Effet de l'assèchement sur le développement des oeufs de Chirocephalus stagnalis Shaw (Crustacé Phyllopode). C.R. Acad. Sci. Paris 19: 3223–3225.Google Scholar
  42. Nourisson, M., 1974. Influence des facteurs externes sur le développement de l'oeuf du Crustacé Branchiopode Chirocephalus diaphanus Prévost: action de la temperature. Bull. Soc. Zool. Fr. 100: 227–244.Google Scholar
  43. Nourisson, M. & P. Aguesse, 1961. Cycle annueldes Phyllopodes d'une mare temporaire de Camargue. Bull. Soc. Zool. Fr. 6: 754–762.Google Scholar
  44. Petkowski, S., 1995. On the presence of the genus Tanymastix Simon 1886 (Crustacea, Anostraca) in Macedonia. Hydrobiologia 298: 307–313.Google Scholar
  45. Petrov, B. & M. Marincek, 1991. On the Anostraca (Crustacea) of Yugoslavia. Hydrobiologia 212: 267–272.Google Scholar
  46. Saiah, H. & N. Perrin, 1990. Autumnal vs spring hatching in fairy shrimp Siphonophanes grubei (Dybowski) (Crustacea, Anostraca): diversified bet-hedging strategy? Funct. ecol. 4: 769–775.Google Scholar
  47. Sokal, R. R. & F. J. Rohlf, 1995. Biometry. The principle and practice of statistics in biological research. W. H. Freeman & Co., New York: 887 pp.Google Scholar
  48. Spitzenberger, H. J., 1984. Tanymastix stagnalis (Linnaeus, 1758). Ein neuer Fundort für Deutschland (Crustacea, Phyllopoda). Verh. Naturwiss. Ver. Hamb. 23: 303–307.Google Scholar
  49. Statistica, 1998. Statistica for Windows. General conventions and statistics I. StatSoft Inc., Tulsa OK. Vol.1: 1731–1735.Google Scholar
  50. Stella, E., F. Margaritora & V. Cottarelli, 1972. La fauna ad entomostraci nelle acque astatiche della Sardegna nord-orientale. Ricerche biologiche ed ecologiche. Acc. Naz. XL, 4: 1–50.Google Scholar
  51. Thienemann, A., 1918. Tanymastix lacunae auf Sylt. Arch. Hydrobiol. 12: 468–469.Google Scholar
  52. Toda, G., 1987. Un petit crustacé de la foret de Fontainebleau: Tanymastix stagnalis (L.). Bull. Ass. Naturalistes de la Vallée du Loing du Massif de Fontainebleau 63: 69–74.Google Scholar
  53. Vekhov, N., 1990. Anostraca and Notostraca in the ephemerous water bodies of the Black Sea Reserve. Gidr. Zh. 26: 104–105.Google Scholar
  54. Vekhov, N., 1992. Rare and little known species of fairy shrimps (Crustacea, Anostraca) in Russian and Kazahstanian fauna. Arthrop. Sel. 1: 75–85.Google Scholar
  55. Vianna-Fernandez, A. M., 1951. Contribuicoes para o studio dos filopodos portugueses. I primeiras espacies encontradas em Portugal. Arq. Mus. Bocage 22: 75–85.Google Scholar
  56. Young, R., 1976. Tanymastix stagnalis (Linn.) in County Galway, new to britain and Ireland. Proc. Roy. Ir. Acad. 76: 369–378.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Graziella Mura
    • 1
  • Paola Zarattini
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Biologia Animale e dell'UomoUniversità La SapienzaRomaItaly

Personalised recommendations