International Journal of Speech Technology

, Volume 3, Issue 3–4, pp 165–176 | Cite as

The Prosody Structure of Dialogue Components in Hungarian

  • Gábor Olaszy


Prosody is the change of F0 and intensity in time and the speed of articulation. The presence or absence of the realization of word accent is also examined as an important feature in prosody generation. During verbal communication various prosody forms contribute to the expression of the textual content of the message on the one hand and of the personal intention of the speaker on the other. In many cases in dialogues the same text can be (must be) pronounced with different intentions. Our goal was to find what kind of prosody patterns and rules are characteristic of these utterance types and what the acoustic relationship among them is for Hungarian. In this article the prosody structures of the most important dialogue components are described, and invariant structures are derived and verified by speech synthesis. Rules are also stated as generalized function structures to show the acoustic relationship of the prosody of these expressions to the prosody of statements. Using these rules, it is possible to convert the prosody of a given utterance type to another one by preserving the naturalness of the speech. The rules can be used in text to speech (TTS) conversion to generate spoken dialogues.

prosody of dialogue components generalized rules cross function among prosody patterns synthesis of prosody 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Adriaens, H. (1991). Ein modell deutscher Intonation. Ph.D. thesis, University of Leiden, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
  2. Collier, R. (1990). Multi-lingual intonation synthesis: Principles and applications. In Proceedings of the ESCA Workshop on Speech Synthesis, Autrans, France, pp. 273–276.Google Scholar
  3. Dirsken, A. and Quené, H. (1993). Prosodic analysis: The next generation. In V.J. van Heuven and L.C.W. Pols (Eds.), Analysis and Synthesis of Speech. Strategic Research towards High-quality text- to-speech Generation. New York, Mouton, De Grujter, pp. 131–144.Google Scholar
  4. Fónagy, I. and Magdics, K. (1967). A magyar beszéd dallama. (The melody of Hungarian). Budapest, Akadémiai Kiadó.Google Scholar
  5. Fujisaki, H. and Ohno, S. (1995). Analysis and modelling of fundamental frequency contours of English utterances. In Proceedings of the 4th European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology, Madrid, ESCA, pp. 985–988.Google Scholar
  6. Gósy, M. (1992). Speech perception. Frankfurt am Main, Germany, Hector.Google Scholar
  7. Montero, J.M., Gutiérrez-Arriola, J., Colás, J., Macias, J., Enriquez, E., and Pardo, J.M. (1999). Development of an emotional speech synthesiser in Spanish. In Proceedings of the 6th European Conference on Speech Communication and Technology, Budapest, ESCA, pp. 2099–2102.Google Scholar
  8. Olaszy, G. (1989). Elektronikus beszédelőállítás. (Electronic speech generation), Budapest, Müszaki Kiadó.Google Scholar
  9. Olaszy, G. (1991). A crosslinguistic description of intonation contours of a multilingual text-to-speech system. In Proceedings of the XIIth International Congresse of Phonetic Sciences. Aix-en-Provence, France, Universite de Provence, pp. 210–213.Google Scholar
  10. Olaszy, G. and Németh, G. (1997). Prosody generation for German CTS/TTS systems (from theoretical intonation patterns to practical realisation). Speech Communication, 21:37–60.Google Scholar
  11. O’Malley, M.H. and Peterson, J.E. (1966). An experimental method for prosodic analysis. Phonetica; 15:1–13.Google Scholar
  12. Rank, E. and Pirker, H. (1998). Generating emotional speech with a concatenative synthesiser. In Proceedings of the International Congresse on Speech and Language Processing, Sydney, pp. 947–950.Google Scholar
  13. Terken, J. and Collier, R. (1990). Designing algorithms for intonation in synthetic speech. In Proceedings of the ESCA Workshop on Speech Synthesis, Autrans, France, pp. 205–208.Google Scholar
  14. Varga, L. (1993). A magyar beszéddallamok fonológiai, szemantikai és szintaktikai vonatkozásai. (Phonological and semantical points in Hungarian melody forms) Budapest, Nyelvtudományi Értekezések 135.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gábor Olaszy
    • 1
  1. 1.Kempelen Farkas Speech Research LaboratoryInstitute of Linguistics of the Hungarian Academy of SciencesBudapestHungary

Personalised recommendations