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Journal of Youth and Adolescence

, Volume 29, Issue 6, pp 617–630 | Cite as

Long-Term Effects of Avoidant Coping on Adolescents' Depressive Symptoms

  • Inge Seiffge-Krenke
  • Nicolai Klessinger
Article

Abstract

The impact of different types of coping styles on adolescents' depressive symptoms was investigated in a prospective study. One hundred and ninety-four adolescents participated in 4 annual assessments of coping styles and depressive symptoms. Longitudinal analyses revealed long-term differences in depressive symptoms, depending on coping style. Adolescents with an approach-oriented coping style reported the fewest depressive symptoms at Time 3 and Time 4, whereas avoidant copers reported the most at both times. Higher levels of depressive symptoms 2 years later were found in all adolescents who used avoidant coping, irrespective of whether they used avoidant coping consistently at Time 1 and Time 2 or changed from approach-oriented coping to avoidant coping at Time 2. This effect was independent of gender and time. The results suggest that most adolescents show an overall adaptive way of coping, but a small subgroup shows a fairly rigid use of avoidant coping. They further suggest that all forms of avoidant coping, whether stable or not, were linked with high levels of depressive symptoms even 2 years later.

Keywords

Depressive Symptom Longitudinal Analysis Coping Style Small Subgroup Avoidant Coping 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Inge Seiffge-Krenke
    • 1
  • Nicolai Klessinger
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Mainz, Johannes Gutenberg-Universität MainzMainzGermany
  2. 2.Mainz UniversityGermany

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