Systemic Practice and Action Research

, Volume 13, Issue 6, pp 723–731 | Cite as

A Brief Review of Peter B. Checkland's Contribution to Systemic Thinking

  • Robert L. Flood


A brief review of Peter B. Checkland's contribution to systemic thinking is presented in five parts: (i) a thumbnail sketch of his life and works; (ii) to action research; (iii) to interpretive-based systemic theory; (iv) formulation of soft systems methodology; and (v) brief reflections.

Peter B. Checkland systemic thinking review 


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  1. Argyris, C., Putnam, R., and McLain—Smith, D. (1982). Action Science: Concepts, Methods and Skills for Research and Intervention, San Francisco, Jossey—Bass.Google Scholar
  2. Checkland, P. B. (1972). Towards a systems-based methodology for real-world problem-solving. J. Syst. Eng. 3.Google Scholar
  3. Checkland, P. B. (1981). Systems Thinking, Systems Practice, Chichester, Wiley.Google Scholar
  4. Checkland, P. B. (1985). From optimising to learning: A development of systems thinking for the 1990s. J. Operat. Res. Soc. 36, 757–767.Google Scholar
  5. Checkland, P. B. (1989). Soft systems methodology. In Rosenhead, J. (ed.), Rational Analysis for a Problematic World, Chichester, Wiley, pp. 71–100.Google Scholar
  6. Checkland, P. B., and Holwell, S. (1998). Information, Systems and Information Systems, Chichester, Wiley.Google Scholar
  7. Checkland, P. B., and Scholes, J. (1990). Soft Systems Methodology in Action, Chichester, Wiley.Google Scholar
  8. Jackson, M. C. (1991). Systems Methodology for the Management Sciences, Plenum, New York.Google Scholar
  9. Lewin, K. Resolving Social Conflicts, New York, Harper.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert L. Flood
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Maastricht School of ManagementMaastrichtThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Monash UniversityClaytonAustralia
  3. 3.St. Mary's, Isles of ScillyUK

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