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International Journal of Primatology

, Volume 18, Issue 6, pp 967–974 | Cite as

Better to Live with Allogenerics Than to Live Alone? The Case of Single Male Cercopithecus pogonias in Troops of Colobus satanas

  • Marie-Claire Fleury
  • Annie Gautier-Hion
Article

Abstract

We report the integration of single male crowned guenons (Cercopithecus pogonias) into troops of black colobus (Colobus satanas). We observed one male Cercopithecus pogonias in three troops of Colobus satanas on 30% of observation days (n = 231). Activities of single males guenons did not differ significantly from those of the colobus with which they associated. Moreover, both species performed simultaneously the same activities more often than expected by chance. Interspecific grooming occurred on several occasions. Furthermore, single male guenons spent as much in time social activities when part of a colobus troop, as they typically do when part of a conspecific group. Unlike solitary male crowned guenons, which are silent, a male that is integrated into a troop of colobus is vocal and emits social alarm calls to which colobus monkeys respond. During the single file movements of colobus troops, single male crowned guenons were integrated in the core of the troop and used the same branches at the same height with the colobus. Thus, the life of a single male crowned guenon with black colobus was social. We suggest that the main benefits that he gained is the possibility to live in a social context. Social interactions could be the key element to explain why single males Cercopithecus pogonias join troops of monkeys so different from their natal groups.

Colobus satanas Cercopithecus pogonias solitary males intergeneric association social benefits 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marie-Claire Fleury
    • 1
  • Annie Gautier-Hion
    • 1
  1. 1.UMR 6552, CNRSUniversité de Rennes 1PaimpontFrance

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