Journal of Economic Growth

, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp 355–378 | Cite as

Geography and Poverty Traps

  • David E. Bloom
  • David Canning
  • Jaypee Sevilla


We test the view that the large differences in income levels we see across the world are due to differences in the intrinsic geography of each country against the alternative view that there are poverty traps. We reject simple geographic determinism in favor of a poverty trap model with high- and low-level equilibria. The high-level equilibrium state is found to be the same for all countries while income in the low-level equilibrium, and the probability of being in the high-level equilibrium, are greater in cool, coastal countries with high, year-round, rainfall.

multiple equilibria convergence clubs 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • David E. Bloom
    • 1
  • David Canning
    • 1
  • Jaypee Sevilla
    • 1
  1. 1.Harvard School of Public HealthUSA

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