Minds and Machines

, Volume 13, Issue 4, pp 577–588

Information for Perception and Information Processing

  • Anthony Chemero
Article

Abstract

Do psychologists and computer/cognitive scientists mean the same thing by the term `information'? In this essay, I answer this question by comparing information as understood by Gibsonian, ecological psychologists with information as understood in Barwise and Perry's situation semantics. I argue that, with suitable massaging, these views of information can be brought into line. I end by discussing some issues in (the philosophy of) cognitive science and artificial intelligence.

Barwise Gibson information perception situation semantics 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Agre, P. and Chapman, D. (1987), ‘Pengi: An Implementation of a Theory of Activity', in Proceedings of AAAI-87, Menlo Park, CA: AAAI Press.Google Scholar
  2. Barwise, J. and Perry, J. (1981), ‘Situations and attitudes’, Journal of Philosophy 77, pp. 668–691.Google Scholar
  3. Barwise, J. and Perry, J. (1983), Situations and Attitudes, Cambridge MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  4. Barwise, J. and Seligman, J. (1994), ‘The Rights and Wrongs of Natural Regularity’, Philosophical Perspectives 8, pp. 331–364.Google Scholar
  5. Barwise, J. and Seligman, J. (1997), Information Flow, Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  6. Brooks, R. (1999), Cambrian Intelligence, Cambridge MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  7. Chemero, A. (2000), ‘Anti-Representationalism and the Dynamical Stance’, Philosophy of Science 67, pp. 625–664.Google Scholar
  8. Chemero, A. (2003), ‘An Outline of a Theory of Affordances’, Ecological Psychology 15, pp. 181–195.Google Scholar
  9. Clark, A. (1997), Being There, Cambridge: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  10. Devlin, K. (1991), Logic and Information, Cambridge MA: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Dretske, F. (1981), Knowledge and the Flow of Information, Cambridge MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  12. Evans, G. (1982), The Varieties of Reference, Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Floridi, L. (to appear a), Is Information Meaningful Data? Philosophy and Phenomenological Research.Google Scholar
  14. Floridi, L. (to appear b), Outline of a Theory of Strongly Semantic Information, Minds and Machines.Google Scholar
  15. Fodor, J. and Pyslshyn, Z. (1981), ‘How Direct Is Visual Perception? Some Reflections on Gibson's’ Ecological Approach',’ Cognition 9, pp. 139–196.Google Scholar
  16. Israel, D. and Perry J. (1990), ‘What Is Information?', in P. Hanson, ed., Information, Language and Cognition, Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press.Google Scholar
  17. Jiang, Y and Mark, L. (1994), ‘The Effect of Gap Depth on the Perception of Whether a Gap Is Crossable’, Perception and Psychophysics 56(6), pp. 691–700.Google Scholar
  18. Kirsh, D. (1991), ‘Today the Earwig, Tomorrow Man?’ Artificial Intelligence.Google Scholar
  19. Marr, D. (1981), Vision, New York: Freeman.Google Scholar
  20. Millikan, R. (1996), Pushmi-Pullyu Representations.Google Scholar
  21. Millikan, R. (2000), On Clear and Confused Ideas, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Reed, E. (1996), Encountering the World, New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  23. Sedgewick, H. (1973), The Visible Horizon, Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Cornell University.Google Scholar
  24. Smith, B.C. (to appear), The Age of Significance, Cambridge MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  25. Stoffregen, T. (2000), ‘Affordances and Events’, Ecological Psychology 12, pp. 1–28.Google Scholar
  26. Turvey, M. (1992), ‘Affordances and Prospective Control: An Outline of the Ontology’, Ecological Psychology 4, pp. 173–187.Google Scholar
  27. Turvey, M. and Carello, C. (1986), ‘The Equation of Information and Meaning from the Perspectives of Situation Semantics and Gibson's Ecological Realism’, Linguistics and Philosophy 8, pp. 81–90.Google Scholar
  28. Warren, W.H. (1984), ‘Perceiving Affordances: Visual Guidance of Stair Climbing’, Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance 10, pp. 683-703.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthony Chemero
    • 1
  1. 1.Scientific and Philosophical Studies of Mind ProgramFranklin and Marshall CollegeLancasterUSA

Personalised recommendations