Advertisement

Journal of Family Violence

, Volume 18, Issue 6, pp 369–376 | Cite as

University Students' Attitudes About Attributing Blame in Domestic Violence

  • Sharon Aneta BryantEmail author
  • Gale A. Spencer
Article

Abstract

This study examined university students' attitudes about attributing blame in incidents of domestic violence. The Domestic Violence Blame Scale (DVBS), which measures the attribution of blame for domestic violence to situational, perpetrator, societal, and victim factors, was used. The DVBS was administered to a voluntary sample of university students. Significant gender differences were found, with male students more likely to attribute blame to the victim for domestic violence than female students. Significant differences were also found between students with and without a prior history of violence in their family of origin. Students with prior experience of violence were more likely than their counterparts to ascribe blame for domestic violence to societal factors.

dating violence domestic violence college students blame 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Cate, R., Henton, J., Koval, J., Christopher, S., and Lloyd, S. (1982). Premarital abuse: A social psychological perspective. J. Fam. Issues 3: 79–90.Google Scholar
  2. Clark, M., Beckett, J., Wells, J., and Dungee-Anderson, D. (1994). Courtship violence among African American college students. J. Black Psychol. 20: 264–281.Google Scholar
  3. Domestic Violence Act, CT. ALS 193; 1995 Ct P.A. 193; 1995 Ct. HB 6935 (1995).Google Scholar
  4. Family Offense Intervention, NY CLS Exec § 214-b (2000).Google Scholar
  5. Fisher, G. (1986). College student attitudes toward forcible date rape: I. Cognitive predictors. Arch. Sex. Behav. 15: 457–466.Google Scholar
  6. Gelles, R., and Straus, M. (1988). Intimate Violence. New York: Simon and Schuster.Google Scholar
  7. Henton, J., Cate, R., Koval, R., Lloyd, S., and Christopher, S. (1983). Romance and violence in dating relationships. J. Fam. Issues 4: 467–482.Google Scholar
  8. Holcomb, D., Holcomb, L., Sondag, K., and Williams, N. (1991). Attitudes about date rape: Gender differences among college students. Coll. Stud. J. 25: 434–439.Google Scholar
  9. Kanekar, S., Pinto, N., and Mazumdar, D. (1985). Causal and moral responsibility of victims of rape and robbery. J. Appl. Soc. Psychol. 113: 662–637.Google Scholar
  10. Kleinke, C., and Meyer, C. (1990). Evaluation of rape victims by women with high and low beliefs in a just world. Psychol. Women Q. 24: 343–353.Google Scholar
  11. Kristiansen, C., and Guilietti, R. (1990). Perceptions of wife abuse: Effects of gender, attitudes toward women, and just-world beliefs among college students. Psychol. Women Q. 14(2): 177–189.Google Scholar
  12. Makepeace, J. (1986). Gender differences in courtship violence victimization. Fam. Relat. 35: 383–388.Google Scholar
  13. Mertin, P. (1992). An adaptation of the conflict tactics scale. Aust. J. Marriage Fam. 13(3): 166–169.Google Scholar
  14. O'Keefe, M. (1997). Predictors of dating violence among high school students. J. Interpers. Violence 12(4): 546–569.Google Scholar
  15. Petretic-Jackson, P., Sandberg, G., and Jackson, T. (1994). The domestic violence blame scale. In Vande Creek, L., Knapp, S., and Jackson, T. (Eds.) Innovations in Clinical Practice, Professional Resource Press/Professional Resource Exchange, Sarasota, FL, pp. 265–278.Google Scholar
  16. Procedures for Family Offense Matters, NY CLS CPL § 530.11 (2000).Google Scholar
  17. Riggs, D., and O'Leary, D. (1996). Aggression between heterosexual dating partners: An examination of a causal model of courtship aggression. J. Interpers. Violence 11(4): 519–541.Google Scholar
  18. Schult, D., and Schneider, L. (1991). The role of sexual provocativeness, rape history, and observer gender in perceptions of blame in sexual assault. J. Interpers. Violence 6(1): 94–101.Google Scholar
  19. Shortland, R., and Goodstein, L. (1983). Just because she doesn't want to doesn't mean its rape: An experimentally based causal model of the perception of rape in a dating situation. Soc. Psychol. Q. 11: 353–358.Google Scholar
  20. Stewart, A., and Maddren, K. (1997). Police officers' judgements of blame in family violence: The impact of gender and alcohol. Sex Roles: J. Res. 37(11): 921–934.Google Scholar
  21. Straus, M. (1979). Measuring intrafamily conflict and violence: The conflict tactic scales. J. Marriage Fam. 41: 75–88.Google Scholar
  22. Straus, M., Gelles, R., and Steinmetz, S. (1980). Behind closed doors: Violence in the American Family, New York: Anchor.Google Scholar
  23. Thornton, B., and Ryckman, R. (1990). The relationship between physical attractiveness, physical effectiveness, and self esteem: A cross-sectional analysis among adolescents. J. Adolesc. 14(1): 85–90.Google Scholar
  24. Waryold, D.(1996). Handling sexual assault and relationship with law enforcement officials. New Dir. Stud. Serv. 73(Spring), 79–88.Google Scholar
  25. White, J., and Koss, M. (1991). Courtship violence: Incidence in a national sample of higher education students. Violence Vict. 6: 247–256.Google Scholar
  26. Violence Against Women Act 18 U. S. C. § § 2265, 2266 (1994).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Decker School of NursingBinghamton UniversityBinghamton

Personalised recommendations