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Water, Air, & Soil Pollution: Focus

, Volume 3, Issue 5–6, pp 79–88 | Cite as

Atmospheric Budget of Non-Seasalt Chlorine in the Kanto District, Japan

  • Akira TakahashiEmail author
  • Keisuke Fukuda
  • Kiyoshi Tsuji
  • Kunio Yoshikawa
Article
  • 21 Downloads

Abstract

To evaluate the influence of anthropogenic emission of HCl on the air quality in the Kanto district of Japan, the atmospheric budgetof non-seasalt Cl (nssCl) was analyzed. The Kanto district, which consists of the Tokyo metropolis and the six surrounding prefectures, is the most densely populated region in Japan. The emission intensity of HCl is extremely high compared with those in other regions and most western countries. In this study, the annual wet and dry depositions of nssClwere estimated on a 0.25 × 0.25° grid over the Kanto district based on the concentration monitoring resultsand meteorological data. The budget analysis was conducted by comparing the estimated deposition with the emission of HCl. As a result, the annual total (wet + dry) deposition of nssCl was estimated to be 32 kt yr-1, which closely agreed with HCl emission (36 kt yr-1) from waste incineration in this area. The result suggested that the anthropogenic emission of HCl had a significant influence on the air quality and the deposition of acidity in this area.

anthropogenic emission atmospheric budget atmospheric deposition hydrochloric acid non-seasalt chlorine waste incineration 

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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akira Takahashi
    • 1
    Email author
  • Keisuke Fukuda
    • 2
  • Kiyoshi Tsuji
    • 2
  • Kunio Yoshikawa
    • 2
  1. 1.Central Research Institute of Electric Power IndustryIwado Kita, Komae-shi, TokyoJapan
  2. 2.Tokyo Institute of TechnologyNagatsuta-cho, Midori-ku, YokohamaJapan

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