Plant and Soil

, Volume 255, Issue 2, pp 605–617 | Cite as

Diversity and compatibility of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) bradyrhizobia and their host plants

  • Qiang Chen
  • Xiaoping Zhang
  • Zewdu Terefework
  • Seppo Kaijalainen
  • Dengyu Li
  • Kristina Lindström


A high degree of genetic diversity among 125 peanut bradyrhizobial strains and among 32 peanut cultivars collected from different regions of China was revealed by using the amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) technique. Eighteen different peanut bradyrhizobial genotypes and six peanut cultivars were selected for symbiotic cross-inoculation experiments. The genomic diversity was reflected in the symbiotic diversity. The peanut cultivars varied in their ability to nodulate with the strains used. Some cultivars had a more restricted host range than the others. Also the strains displayed a range of nodulation patterns. In yield formation there were clear differences between the plant cultivar/bradyrhizobium combinations. There was good compatibility between some peanut bradyrhizobial strains and selected cultivars, with inoculation resulting in well-nodulated, high-yielding symbiotic combinations, but no plant cultivar was compatible with all strains used. The strains displayed a varying degree of effectiveness, with some strains being fairly effective with all cultivars and others with selected ones. The AFLP genotypes of the strains did not explain the symbiotic behavior, whereas the yield formation of the plant cultivars was more related to the genotype. It is concluded that to obtain optimal nitrogen fixation efficiency of peanut in the field, compatible plant cultivar-bradyrhizobium combinations should be selected either by finding inoculant strains compatible with the plant cultivars used, or plant cultivars compatible with the indigenous bradyrhizobia.

AFLP Bradyrhizobiumsp. compatibility genotype peanut (Arachis hypogaea


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Qiang Chen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Xiaoping Zhang
    • 1
  • Zewdu Terefework
    • 2
  • Seppo Kaijalainen
    • 2
  • Dengyu Li
    • 1
  • Kristina Lindström
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Applied MicrobiologySichuan Agricultural UniversityYaanSichuan P. R. China
  2. 2.Department of Applied Chemistry and MicrobiologyUniversity of HelsinkiFinland

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