, Volume 45, Issue 3, pp 250–256 | Cite as

Bioaccumulation of Tc, Pu, and Np on Bottom Sediments in Two Types of Freshwater Lakes of the Moscow Oblast

  • K. E. German
  • E. V. Firsova
  • V. F. Peretrukhin
  • T. V. Khizhnyak
  • M. Simonoff


A laboratory study is made of Tc, Np, and Pu accumulation by natural and sterilized silts collected from two typical eutrophic and dystrophic lakes of the Moscow oblast. After a short inductive period (1-3 days), the rate of Tc uptake by the eutrophic lake silt is about twice that by the dystrophic lake silt (at a dry solid to liquid phase ratio of 0.033 g ml-1). The rate is only slightly temperature-dependent, being practically constant (at a level of about 3% per day) under certain conditions. The distribution coefficients after a month of contact were found to be 1700±50 and 56±5 ml g-1 for the eutrophic and dystrophic lake silts, respectively. Sulfate and nitrate have an inhibiting effect on the Tc uptake. Efficient desorption of Tc from bottom sediments can be realized only in the presence of an oxidant (H2O2), suggesting the reductive mechanism of Tc sorption on silts, complicated by either complexation with microorganism cell components or by intracellular deposition.


Silt Bottom Sediment Bioaccumulation Distribution Coefficient Inductive Period 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    White, C., Wilkinson, S.C., and Gadd, G.M., Int. Biodeteriorat. Bidegrad., 1995, p. 17–40.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Macaskie, L.E., Crit. Rev. Biotechnol., 1991, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 41–112.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Gromov, V.V., Moskvin, A.I., and Sapozhnikov, Yu.A., Tekhnogennaya radioaktivnost' mirovogo okeana (Technogenic Radioactivity of the World Ocean), Moscow: Energoatomizdat, 1985.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Joshi, S.R., Appl. Radiat. Isot., 1995, vol. 46, no. 11, pp. 1231–1238.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Turcotte, M.D.S., Environmental Behavior of Technetium: Report DE83 010 342, Aiken, SC (USA): Savannah River Lab., Dec. 1982.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Bondietti, E.A., Chemical Approaches to Understanding the Environmental Behavior of Pu, Np and Tc: Conf-781 105-100, Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA), 1978.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lloyd, J.R., Sole, V.A., Praagh, C.V.G. van, and Lovley, D.R., Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2000, vol. 66, pp. 3743–3749.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Lloyd, J.R., Ridley, J., Khizniak, T., et al., Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 1999, vol. 65, pp. 2691-2696.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    German, K.E., Khizhnyak, T.V., Lyalikova, N.N., and Peretrukhin, V.F., J. Nucl. Biol. Med., 1994, vol. 38, no. 3, p. 406.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    German, K.E., Khizhnyak, T.V., Lyalikova, N.N., and Peretrukhin, V.F., Pyataya ezhegodnaya konferentsiya Yadernogo obshchestva. Yadernaya energiya i promyshlennost' (Fifth Annual Conf. of Nuclear Soc. Nuclear Energy and the Industry), Obninsk, June 27-July 1, 1994, pp. 498–499.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Peretrukhin, V.F., Khizhnyak, T.V., Lyalikova, N.N., and German, K.E., Radiokhimiya, 1998, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 471–475.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Keith-Roach, M. and Roos, P., Proc. 8th Nordic Seminar on Radioecology, Ilus, E., Ed., Rovaniemi (Finland), February 25-28, 2001, NKS-70 (2002), pp. 66–69.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Morris, K., Keith-Roach, M.J., Butterworth, J.C., et al., Abstracts of Papers, 8th Int. Conf. on Chemistry and Migration Behavior of Actinides and Fission Products in the Geosphere (Migration'01), Bregenz (Austria), September 18-21, 2001 (Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe, 2001), p. 156.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Guerman, K.E., Khijnyak, T.V., Peretroukhin, V.F., et al., Abstracts of Papers, The Second Japanese_ Russian Seminar on Technetium, Shizuoka (Japan), November 29-December 2, 1999, pp. 50–51.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Blaylock, B.G., Frank, M.L., Hoffman, F.O., et al., Technetium in Environment, Desmet, G. and Myttenaere, C., Eds., New York: Elsevier, 1986, pp. 7990.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Milton, G.M, Cornett, R.G., Kramer, S.J., el al., Radiochim. Acta., 1992, vols. 58/59, pp. 291–296.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Aarkrog, A., Chen, Q., Dahlgaard, H., et al., J. Environ. Radioact., 1997, vol. 37, pp. 201–213.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Morris, K., Butterworth, J.C., and Livens, F.R., Estuar. Coastal Shelf Sci., 2000, vol. 51, pp. 613–625.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Mashkin, A.N. and Shikov, S.L., Vopr. Radiats. Bezopasn., 1999, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 27–33.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Wharton, M.J., Atkins, B., Charnock, J.M., et al., Appl. Geochem., 2000, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 347–354.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Barci-Funel, G., Ardisson, G., Ballestra, S., et al., J. Radioanal. Nucl. Chem. Lett., 1991, vol. 153, no. 6, pp. 431–438.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Guerman, K.E., Kosareva, I.M., Peretroukhin, V.F., et al., Proc. 5th Int. Conf. on Radioactive Waste Management and Environmental Remediation (ICEM'95), Berlin (Germany), September 3-7, vol. 1: Cross-Cutting Issues and Management of High-Level Waste and Spent Fuel, Slate, S., Feizollahi, F., and Creer, C., Eds., New York, 1995, pp. 713–732.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Wildung, R.E., Gorby, Y.A., Krupka, K.M., et al., Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 2000, vol. 66, no. 6, pp. 2451–2460.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Bunker, D.J., Smith, J.T., Livens, F.R., and Hilton, J., Appl. Geochem., 2001, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 651–658.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Kuznetsov, S.I., Mikroflora ozer i ee geokhimicheskaya deyatel'nost' (Lake Microflora and Its Geochemical Activities), Leningrad: Nauka, 1970.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Reznikov, A.A., Mulikovskaya, E.P., and Sokolov, I.Yu., Methody analiza prirodnykh vod (Methods for Natural Water Analysis), Moscow: Nedra, 1970.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Lee, S.Y. and Bondietti, E.A., Technetium Behavior in Sulfide and Ferrous Iron Solutions, Conf-821 107-32, Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA), 1982.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Simonoff, M., Guerman, K.E., and Simonoff, G., Abstracts of Papers, The Second Japanese-Russian Seminar on Technetium, Shizuoka (Japan), November 29-Deceinber 2, 1999, pp. 26–27.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica” 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. E. German
    • 1
  • E. V. Firsova
    • 1
  • V. F. Peretrukhin
    • 1
  • T. V. Khizhnyak
    • 1
  • M. Simonoff
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Physical ChemistryRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.UMR 5084 - Chimie Nucleaire Analytique et BioenvironnementaleLe Haut VigneauGradignanFrance

Personalised recommendations