Russian Journal of Ecology

, Volume 34, Issue 5, pp 332–338 | Cite as

Holarctic Collared Lemmings: Traces of Their Spread as Related to the History of the Arctic Biota

  • N. G. Smirnov
  • V. B. Fedorov

Abstract

Among recent lemmings (D. torquatus from the Yamal Peninsula and D. groenlandicus from Somerset, Bathurst, Melville, and Devon islands), there are populations with archaic sets of morphotypes characteristic of the end of the Late Pleistocene. In some parts of the species range, lemming morphotypes follow the pattern characteristic of the Holocene stage of their evolution. Lemmings with the best developed tooth system live in the Bering Sea sector of the Arctic (Wrangel Island, Chukotka and Alaska). The correspondence of the boundaries of the groups distinguished by odontological traits to the phylogeographic data on mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and chromosomal groups is discussed.

collared lemmings Arctic biota tooth system mtDNA 

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Copyright information

© MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica” 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. G. Smirnov
    • 1
  • V. B. Fedorov
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Plant and Animal Ecology, Ural DivisionRussian Academy of SciencesYekaterinburgRussia
  2. 2.University of Alaska MuseumFairbanksUnited States

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