Urban Ecosystems

, Volume 5, Issue 4, pp 235–241 | Cite as

Survey of feral rock doves (Columba livia) in Amsterdam, a bird-human association

  • Jan A. Buijs
  • Joop H. Van Wijnen


We carried out a survey of the feral rock doves (Columba livia) visible in the public areas of the fourteen Town Councils in Amsterdam. The objectives were to detect the preferential locations of the feral pigeons and to obtain reference values of their population sizes in order to be able to evaluate the effect of possible control measures. We registered 354 locations were twenty or more feral pigeons were visible during feeding. In these locations, averaged over ten to twelve counts, we counted 10,056 pigeons. Moreover we observed that at another 541 locations at least once five pigeons were visible during feeding. In all 894 locations we counted, averaged over four counts, 11,885 pigeons. By Town Council, we calculated strong positive correlations between the average number of pigeons per hectare, the human population density, the number of houses and the yearly number of kilos organic waste per hectare.

survey feral pigeons rock doves Columba livia Amsterdam public area planning characteristics 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jan A. Buijs
    • 1
  • Joop H. Van Wijnen
    • 1
  1. 1.Municipal Health ServiceEnvironmental MedicineAmsterdamThe Netherlands

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