Journal of Behavioral Medicine

, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp 291–312 | Cite as

The Assessment of Diabetes-Related Cognitive and Social Factors: The Multidimensional Diabetes Questionnaire

  • France Talbot
  • Arie Nouwen
  • Julie Gingras
  • Marjolaine Gosselin
  • Jean Audet


The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the recently developed Multidimensional Diabetes Questionnaire (MDQ). The MDQ which is theoretically linked to a social learning perspective of diabetes, was designed to provide a comprehensive assessment of diabetes-related cognitive and social factors. It includes 41 items grouped into three sections: (1) perceptions related to diabetes and related social support, (2) positive and misguided reinforcing behaviors related to self-care activities, and (3) self-efficacy and outcome expectancies. Confirmatory factor analyses, conducted on a sample of 249 patients with non-insulin-dependant diabetes mellitus, supported the construct validity of the MDQ. Adequate internal consistency and significant demographic, psychological, behavioral, and disease-related correlates were found. The MDQ may prove valuable in understanding individual differences in adjustment to diabetes.

diabetes mellitus assessment confirmatory factor analysis psychosocial adjustment 


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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • France Talbot
    • 1
  • Arie Nouwen
    • 1
  • Julie Gingras
    • 1
  • Marjolaine Gosselin
    • 2
  • Jean Audet
    • 3
  1. 1.Universite LavalCanada
  2. 2.Hôpital Royal VictoriaCanada
  3. 3.Hôpital Cité de la Santé de LavalLavalCanada

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